Navegando por Navegando por Palavras-chave "Cultura e consumo"
Agora exibindo 1 - 4 de 4
Resultados por página
Opções de Ordenação
ItemComo se faz um tijucano? Reflexões sobre consumo, identidade e masculinidade em um bairro carioca(2007) Cupolillo, Flávia Braga NogueiraThe love of cariocas for the city of Rio de Janeiro is widely known. As well as the cariocas, there is another social group, called tijucanos, which the love for the neighborhood is peculiar. The Tijuca zone, known by its tradition and development during the 60¿s, due to his local identity ¿ tijucana, definitely deserves prominence in the ¿wonderful city¿. The people of Tijuca can be known as a ¿personality¿ in Rio, and their habits of consumption seldom exceed the area¿s limits. Enclosure of histories and special characteristics, how to be a tijucano, an adjective that people of Tijuca are proud of, is one of the focus of this present study. To be an unconditional tijucano, who loves to walk around in the neighborhood, in the square, enjoy their lives in famous bars, ended up as a peculiarity in the carioca scenario, together with the people of Ipanema, Barra and many others, that together make Rio de Janeiro a unique city. In spite of the increasing visibility, there are few studies trying to understand the way heterosexual men interact with the world of consumer goods. In view of the great interest and in the contemporary world, the meaning of consumption has increased. The object of the present study is to try to understand how the people from Tijuca use the world of consumer goods to ¿become a man¿, i.e., to construct their male heterosexual identity. This analysis is crucial to investigate the construction of masculine gender identity of the people from Tijuca. The study was based on data gathered through deep interviews with nine men from Tijuca during the month of January 2007. The results have shown that the tijucanos interact with the neighborhood services and locals during the process of construction of gender and local identity. It was possible to notice that there are four differents stages, by means of, people use the world of consumer goods to identify themselves as men from Tijuca. Therefore, it is possible to conclude that it occurs the consumption of specific products and places in strategy to: define masculinity and local identity (when young person), move aside, assimilation, acceptation and reinforcement of that identity. ItemDa 'invenção' da homossexualidade ao discurso das posses: uma análise interpretativa da identidade homossexual(2009) Pereira, Severino Joaquim NunesThe study of the behavior of socially marginalized groups such as gays, Afro-descendents, slum dwellers and others is not easy but is extremely relevant to the consumer behavior field. Most studies about these groups focus basically on the dimension of a discriminated and excluded minority, neutralizing other dimensions such as that of 'consumers'. In doing so, this doctoral thesis seeks to investigate how the possessions-related discourse is used by gay males to deal with the stigma of homosexual identity at individual, family, group and social levels. It has been evaluated that homosexual identity and its related stigma Homosexuality, as well as the social constructions imposed by a medical discourse from the 19th century, have created the categorization of homosexuality. Participant observations with a gay male group and 20 semi-structured interviews have been performed from 2005 to 2008. Our results suggested that: (i) the culturally gay-built world seem to be divided between 'gay and heterosexual' worlds. Such division does not happen only in the gay imaginary but it can also be represented by products and possessions; (ii) some gay-consumption places have altered their meaning from profane to sacred meaning throughout consumption in the subject life’s; (iii) the body has been seen as a culture construction of and value in the gay world as well as it has been used as a sign of distinction and hierarchy. ItemUm estudo sobre os significados de consumo associados ao corpo feminino em peças publicitárias de suplementos alimentares(Escola de Administração da UFRGS, 2011-04-01) Sauerbronn, João Felipe Rammelt; Tonini, Karla Andrea Dulce; Lodi, Marluce Dantas de FreitasThis paper aims to analyze the meanings that are attributed to the female body and are transferred through dietary supplements' advertisements. The body became a research theme for researchers interested in exploring the construction of meanings of consumption in many areas. Its expression as a commodity has already been pointed out by researchers as Malysse (2007) who proposed the objectification of the body and Goldenberg (2007) who built the concept of the body as a capital. According to MacCracken (2003), advertising works in the transfer of meaning from the culturally constituted world to the individuals. Nine ads were collected and analyzed through the advertising discourse analysis proposed by Pinto (2002). The functions of showing (mostração -the construction of the universe of discourse), interaction (interação - social and cultural linkages set) and seduction (sedução - distribution of positive and negative affects) were used as direction for researchers to seek ways to understand the meaning transfer of the female body through the ads. Some components of the advertising discourse were common to all materials collected and showed the body as an object that can be modified to what is transmitted as desirable (without a body fat, lean and firm). However, it could be distinguished four discourse categories of body meanings transferring. The first category shows the body as an object of power that is overvalued as an object. In this category, the interaction with individuals is based on the status provided by the body and deal with the emotions involved raise the self-esteem of the individual. The second category gathers advertisements that feature the body as site of action of the product. The interaction in this case is based on technique and the emotions involved emphasize sensuality and femininity. The pieces comprised in the third category treat the body as a confirmer of the product's action. The gesture-based interaction is reproduced in images and emotions associated with pleasure and practicality. The fourth category deals with different meanings for the female body, treating it as an object subordinate to the event, well behaved and happy. In the end it became clear the treatment of the body is treated as an object that can be modified, altered, turned appropriate according to the intention of its owner, which helps explain how the body meanings are socially constructed and transferred from the culturally constituted world to the space consumption of individuals. ItemA luta por uma identidade: uma etnografia sobre a subcultura de consumo de MMA(2011) Silveira, Isabel da CostaThe purpose of this dissertation is to identify how the subculture belonging to the MMA influence in shaping the identity of their members, exploring the aspects related to the consumption as a vehicle for transmission of symbolic meanings. The theoretical foundation which has supported the research addresses issues discussed in the literature with regard to culture and consumption (Barbosa and Campbell, 2006; McCracken, 2003), the subcultures of consumption (Kozinets, 2001, Schouten and McAlexander, 1995), and to the process of identity formation through consumpt ion (Barbosa and Campbell, 2006; McCracken, 2003). This study has exploratory and an explanatory nature , searching through the ethnographic method to explore the cultural universe that works as the background of the questions addressed and then identify the factors that determine or contribute to the process of identity formation in a subculture of consumption. Data were collected over one year of field research, carried out in a martial arts academy in Rio de Janeiro. During the research , it was possible to collect informat ion about the day-by-day of members of this subculture and the relationships that are formed from this consumer activity. Also individual interviews were conducted from a semi-structured script, aiming at understanding how these consumers find themselves within the subculture and how interprets the MMA as a lifestyle and provider of values . 14 interviews were conducted with consumers both female and male, between the ages of 19 and 45 years living in the city of Rio de Janeiro, between January and November 2011. In order to achieve the proposed objectives, a qualitative research method was chose, focusing on the comprehension of the meanings of the facts, through analysis of small samples of the population, trying to understand the facts without necessarily measure them. The results showed that being part of a subculture doesn’t necessarily imply the creation of an identity based on the object of consume. Some steps need to be fulfilled, and in the case of MMA, not just the commitment: to be accepted by the group, demonstrate specific skills and make a proper use of the fight are, for example, basic requirements for achieving new positions within the subculture, and thus gain an identity representative of this group.