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ItemA abordagem relacional no estudo da gestão e das políticas públicas: das relações às associações(FGV EAESP - Centro de Estudos em Administração Pública e Governo, 2008-07-01) Onto, Gustavo Gomes; Silva, Gabriela ToledoA series of studies directed at public governance and policy formulation and implementation have recently started to adopt a theoretical relational approach to these phenomena. However, the large variety of perspectives included in this approach difficult the understanding of its importance to the research in this area. This essay intends to briefly present the ways these perspectives are used and the different ways the relational aspect is interpreted. We present perspectives that deal with the relational as a methodological procedure, as an organizational metaphor and as an ontology of the construction of reality. We intend to contribute towards a clearer perception of the importance of the relational approach, of its limits and possibilities. ItemAIDS advocacy and intellectual property regulation in Brazil: information and influence(International AIDS Society, 2014) Fonseca, Elize Massard da; Bastos, Francisco I. ItemAre conditional government transfers a politically acceptable form of redistribution?(2017) Zucco Júnior, César; Luna, Juan PabloThis paper examines whether characteristics of government transfers that do not affect actual levels of redistribution affect support for such transfers. We employ survey experiments in Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, and Turkey to determine whether, and in what contexts, making government transfers conditional on behavior of bene ciaries increases support conditional government transfers among non-bene ciaries. In these experiments, we prime some respondents to think of themselves as \different' from potential bene ciaries in regional and ethnic/racial dimensions, and manipulate the type of conditionality imposed on bene ciaries of government transfers. We seek to determine whether a \conditionality premium' exists among non-bene ciaries, and whether it is affected by how similar non-bene ciaries perceive themselves relative to bene ciaries of government transfers. Results show that conditional transfers are generally more popular than similar unconditional ones, and also support our `otherness hypothesis', whereby the \conditionality premium' is greater when non-bene ciares are primed to think of themselves as being different from bene ciaries in non-economic dimensions. This is only the case in the two more heterogenous countries that we examine (Brazil and Turkey). The fact that some results only seem to hold in heterogenous societies suggests that conditionalities might be more necessary in such societies ItemA blast at the past: an inquiry into Herbert Simon's arguments against the principles(Wiley-Blackwell, 2013-12) Georgiou, IonThe decades since 1946 have seen repeated rhetoric supportive of Herbert Simon's critique, published that year, of Luther Gulick's Notes on the Theory of Organization' (published in 1937). The literature offers few contrary opinions against this support. The present article presents a minute analysis of Simon's arguments against Gulick. The reason for this focus is that the rhetoric supportive of Simon's critique addresses the manner in which he argued against Gulick. It is shown how Simon's critique suffers from flawed and misleading argumentation, semantic incoherence, naive simplicity, disproportionate emphasis, implied imputation, misdirected logic, historical misinterpretation, contextual overshooting, methodological incommensurability, false reproaches, misguiding charges, and an etiological approach unequipped to deal with complex webs of interrelationships. ItemBrazil's health-care reform: Social movements and civil society(2011) Teixeira, Sônia Maria Fleury ItemCommon agency and public good provision under asymmetric information(Econometric Society, 2010-05) Martimort, David; Moreira, Humberto AtaídeThe provision of public goods under asymmetric information has most often been viewed as a mechanism design problem under the aegis of an uninformed mediator. This paper focuses on institutional contexts without such a mediator. Contributors privately informed on their willingness to pay non-cooperatively offer contribution schedules to an agent who produces the public good on their behalf. In any separating and informative equilibrium of this common agency game under asymmetric information, instead of reducing marginal contributions to free-ride on others, principals do so to screen the agent's endogenous private information obtained from privately observing other principals' offers. Under weak conditions, the existence of a differentiable equilibrium is shown. Equilibria are always ex post inefficient and interim efficient if and only if the type distribution has a linear inverse hazard rate. This points to the major inefficiency of contribution games under asymmetric information and stands in contrast to the more positive efficiency result that the common agency literature has unveiled when assuming complete information. Extensions of the model address direct contracting between principals, the existence of pooling uninformative equilibria, and the robustness of our findings to the possibility that principals entertain more complex communication with their agent. ItemConexões políticas em estruturas de propriedade: o governo como acionista em uma análise descritiva(Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie, 2014-02-01) Brey, Nathanael Kusch; Camilo, Silvio Parodi Oliveira; Marcon, Rosilene; Bandeira-de-Mello, RodrigoWith the growing interest in the economic literature on government activism, one realizes that the government starts to influence the economic and productive activity in Brazil more intensely (Fucs & Coronato, 2011). From the perspective of the theory of corporate political strategy, the main objective of this work is to analyze the structure of ownership with government shareholding in Brazilian companies listed on the BM&FBovespa, on the period 1999-2010. The study ex-plores the government´s presence in various spheres which they federal, state and municipal structures owned Brazilian companies listed on the BM&FBovespa, which demonstrates its uniqueness in relation to other studies in the country. Considers two forms of government identification as a shareholder: direct (public companies, state-owned company, federal authorities, national development banks or regional development funds and social funds social participation), indirect (pension funds by state-owned enterprises), segregating in the majority or mi-nority stake. Among the main results, first confirmed the assumption of previous studies that investigate the ownership structure in Brazil, that the majority of Brazilian companies listed on the BM&FBovespa have the concentrated structure of ownership, indicating the presence of the figure of a controlling shareholder, in which it was found that on average the largest shareholder owns 62.77% of the voting capital and 49.78 of the total capital of the company. Also the results indicate that the government, when you compose the ownership structure of firms has a significant share in the economy, even participated directly 13.71% of public companies traded on the BM&FBovespa. Since past 12 years, he owned on average 49.72% of the shares with voting rights and 39.01% of the total shares of each company, indicating that the government controls the companies when directly involved with them. So noticeable that while the government diversifies its corporate relations in sectors as this is not only concentrated in a few sectors, most is present in all sectors of the economy at different levels of performance. ItemContiguidade socioeconômica: uma aplicação para aperfeiçoar os convênio brasileiros(2021-12-09) Santos, Henrique Pires Goulart dosA presente tese avalia a similaridade de convênios oriundos de municípios, a partir da elaboração de projetos, com impacto socioeconômico na localidade, e subsidiados com recursos da União. Diante dos diferentes níveis de maturidade dos convênios, objetivase fomentar e maximizar boas práticas de gestão a partir da análise multivariada de variáveis de interesse, para que se formem clusters de projetos similares e municípios similares. São utilizadas técnicas de econometria espacial e de aprendizagem de máquina não supervisionada para análise de influência das regiões sinteticamente criadas frente aos agrupamentos gerados, apoiando tanto a gestão de quem propõem os projetos e de quem os avalia. ItemCorruption and the size of government: causality tests for OECD and Latin American countries(Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd, 2010) Arvate, Paulo Roberto; Curi, Andrea Zaitune; Rocha, Fabiana; Sanches, Fabio Adriano MiessiThe purpose of this article is to examine the causality between government size and corruption, and to verify if there is a different pattern of causality between developed Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries (excluding Mexico) and developing countries (Latin American countries) during the period 1996 to 2003. Applying Granger and Huang's (1997) methodology we find evidence that size of government Granger causes corruption in both samples. Since a larger government involvement in private markets today will be followed in future by a higher level of corruption a policy advice would be to enhance governance. The promotion of good governance helps to combat corruption given that it complements efforts to reduce corruption more directly, and it is strongly recommended by the International Monetary Fund, other multilateral institutions, and all worried with the negative impacts of corruption on economic activity. ItemThe effects of state ownership in the internationalization of emerging multinationals(2014-07-28) Arreola, Maria FernandaThis thesis is a collection of three different research projects analyzing the effect of state ownership in the internationalization of Emerging Multinationals (EMNEs). The participation of the state as shareholder is a phenomenon that can bring new light into the governance, management and strategic impact of having states participate as owners in different levels. These studies will allow us to explore, from different perspectives, the extent to which states, while owners, can impact the EMNE. The studies thee contained go from exploring the selection mechanisms for a firm to become the target of state ownership to its effect on the internationalization pace, passing through the revision of the mechanisms available for the state to gain control and access to a firm’s decision making, through changes to its corporate governance. ItemEscolas de governo e a profissionalização do servidor público: estudo de caso da ESPEA - Escola de Serviço Público do Estado do Amazonas e da FESPM - Fundação Escola de Serviço Público, Municipal, da prefeitura de Manaus(2008) Bittencourt, Maryângela AguiarSchool of Government and Professional Server is the subject of this thesis aimed at analyzing the mission of each and its contribution to the training of all operators in the state administrative structure. The experiences in the field of management training, capacity building and training of civil servants in public administration from national and international experiences, allow the establishment of information concerning the professional profiles required for the Brazilian public administration in the current context and the appropriate institutions for the production these profiles. To this end, reconstructs the institutional history of ENAP - National School of Public Administration / Brazil and brings slopes analysis to be tested in other schools. In order to promote debate the Latin American context is widespread, as the attempt to periodization and analysis of 80 years raising a general review of common features that point to help contextualize and expand the debate that rages in each country about the prospects these government schools. In the 80's is emphatically defended the existence and definition of an ideal profile of professional public administration, today, the discourse has changed since 90 years, the rapid degree of change and complexity installed within organizations by technological advance and the rearrangement of the economic and cultural boundaries derived from globalization have highlighted the need for treatment and more careful scrutiny to the issue, requiring additional effort to escape from solutions in mixtures of a profoundly heterogeneous. Thus, it takes as a case study the experiences of ESPE and FESPM both located in the city of Manaus in Amazonas state for review of the purpose of each of the schools, where they helped train new cadres of public servants and also, prepared new leadership for the development and improvement of the state machine. The methodological guidelines used were based on two criteria Vergara (2006), about the purposes and the means with basic technical and empirical-analytic approach, the means of investigation was the documentary, literature and exploratory (field research, through interviews with former teachers and former students of schools). The results of the collective responses of the subjects were consolidated into a single speech when the same opinion emphasizing the central idea of each of the speeches delivered and how many people the same idea. It was concluded that the government schools can contribute to the professionalization of public servants and recommended development of programs for schools that will graduate in public administration, developing skills for the public servant and advice to create plans for capacity building of bodies’ government playing a significant role in personal and professional public servant. ItemFrom 'dot.org' to 'dot.gov': professional crossings in the Brazilian National Policy on HIV/AIDS(Springer, 2012-03) Campos, Luiz Claudio Marques; Mendonca, Patricia Maria; Alves, Mário AquinoThis article reflects on the importance of the relations between state and society in policy-making in the area of public health. Several studies in various sectors such as health, education, and social services have made similar observations on organizational dynamics and the institutionalization of different models of partnerships or contracts, often based on the analytical model of three sectors. Individuals and their networks of relationships, however, remain an almost unexplored dimension in these types of research. Against this backdrop, this study seeks to analyze the movement of HIV/AIDS activists to governmental organizations working in this same field. The analysis raises questions concerning the forms of individual and institutional learning that help to maintain the distinct character of innovation of the Brazilian policy. Professionals who cross the borders hold a different profile once they have accumulated experience working with grassroots and local NGOs, and have also had the chance to be trained and enhance their technical and managerial capacities, since the government has supported NGOs for a long period. When combined, these experiences allow them to maintain relationships with social movements and give them the ability to navigate through the government bureaucracy and handle technical information about fighting AIDS epidemics, making it possible for them to negotiate strategic collaborations reflecting the interests of different groups. Hence, they constantly reflect on the differences between government and social spaces, and keep questioning and modifying their roles in the light of potential and existing complementarities. ItemGovernança digital: análise de componentes chave, modelos de contratos sociais e barreiras para o design de políticas públicas(2021-12-03) Idzi, Francis MichaellO objetivo deste trabalho é efetuar uma revisão sistemática da literatura com meta análise, buscando entender, sob a ótica da governança pública, como a onda de Governança da Era Digital está impactando governos, quais contratos sociais devem ser considerados em um modelo de governança digital e quais as principais barreiras de governo digital para o design de políticas públicas. A pesquisa utiliza o protocolo Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) para registrar as evidências encontradas no software State of the Art through Systematic Review (StArt). Os dados para a pesquisa foram coletados das bases de publicações Scopus e Web of Science considerando também autores de referência do tema. A contribuição desse estudo na observação da Governança da Era Digital para estratégias de governo aponta que o componente de reintegração mais evidente em governos são os portais de governo que promovem o desligamento do governo central e a redução de carga para o Estado, o componente de holismo mais evidente são os serviços digitais de benefícios sociais, assim como como os pagamentos desses benefícios e o componente de digitalização mais evidente foram os portais de governo com disponibilização total de serviços de Estado e busca aprimorada. A pesquisa demonstra evidências de que o governo como plataforma é o modelo de contrato social mais disponibilizado para a sociedade. É apontada também que a falta de conhecimento e experiência em tecnologia foi a barreira mais encontrada para o desenho de políticas públicas focadas em governo digital. ItemGovernança local no sistema descentralizado de Saúde no Brasil(2010) Teixeira, Sônia Maria Fleury; Ouverney, Assis Luiz Mafort; Kronemberger, Thais Soares; Zani, Felipe BarbosaObjective: To analyze the changes in local health care governance resulting from the decentralization process associated with the Unified Health System (SUS) in Brazil between 1996 and 2006. Methods: A questionnaire was answered in 1996 and again in 2006 by all city officials involved in health care management in Brazil. Information was collected on the innovative characteristics of administrative practices in terms of three dimensions: social, management, and care. The present article analyzes the results relating to the social dimension (relationship between municipal officials and the various community actors) according to four attributes: preparing the budget (degree of influence of various actors), establishing priorities, accountability, and flow of information to the community. Results: The influence of municipal secretaries of health and health councils on budget preparation has increased, with a decrease of local politician influence. In prioritizing health issues, local politicians and spontaneous demands have also become less influential, with strengthening of the influence of technical opinions and proposals by health councils and conferences. Public disclosure of results has become institutionalized as a result of the diversification of stakeholders (especially municipal secretaries and health councils) and of the methods available for disclosure, even though balance sheets are still the most common type of information disclosed (which imply technical knowledge for interpretation of results). Finally, the information conveyed to the community still mainly refers to health actions and campaigns and functioning of health services, even though a larger amount of innovative information is being communicated. This was observed in all regions and in cities of all sizes, with a more progressive trend in the South of Brazil. Conclusions: The relationship between government and society has changed toward a more democratic standard of local governance, despite the maintenance of centralized government decision-making practices. The process of decentralization still faces important obstacles to the establishment of a more participative model, with enhanced social control, accountability and interaction between government and society. ItemGovernance and networks for health co-benefits of climate change mitigation: Lessons from two Indian cities(Elsevier Ltd, 2016) Oliveira, José Antônio Puppim de; Doll, Christopher N. H.Health has been the main driver for many urban environmental interventions, particularly in cases of significant health problems linked to poor urban environmental conditions. This paper examines empirically the links between climate change mitigation and health in urban areas, when health is the main driver for improvements. The paper aims to understand how systems of urban governance can enable or prevent the creation of health outcomes via continuous improvements in the environmental conditions in a city. The research draws on cases from two Indian cities where initiatives were undertaken in different sectors: Surat (waste) and Delhi (transportation). Using the literature on network effectiveness as an analytical framework, the paper compares the cases to identify the possible ways to strengthen the governance and policy making process in the urban system so that each intervention can intentionally realize multiple impacts for both local health and climate change mitigation in the long term as well as factors that may pose a threat to long-term progress and revert back to the previous situation after initial achievements. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd ItemOs governos estaduais e a política pública de inovação tecnológica: análise a partir do modelo teórico de Hélice Tríplice(2018-05-04) Jaroszewski, Cassiane da RochaThis doctoral thesis addresses the role of government in formulating and implementing technological innovation public policy, as well as new organizational formats generated from the interaction between universities, companies and government. According to the Triple Helix theory, technological innovation results from the interaction between helixes represented by universities, companies and government. This interaction causes changes to each helix’s functioning and the creation of hybrid organizations at their trilateral intersection point. Three empirical categories were established to understand the role of government in innovation policy: 1. The government's capacity to establish itself as a Space for Consensus; 2. State programs for university-company interaction; and 3. Performance of three types of hybrid organizations: technology transfer offices, incubators and science and technology parks. This is a qualitative, descriptive, exploratory case study research, using techniques of bibliographic and documentation research, observation and interviews. The innovation policies of three states were the subject of in-depth analysis: Amazonas, Pernambuco and Santa Catarina. The results indicate that while these states have moved forward with including innovation in their public agenda, as key to economic and social development, these advances have not entailed greater involvement of multiple public departments, with the agenda remaining mostly in the hands of the states’ Science and Technology Departments and public Research Support Foundations. The government acts as a Space for Consensus, with its legitimacy to coordinate and implement actions recognized by other stakeholders related to innovation; there remains, however, lack of clarity as to the policy’s goals and priority sectors. In relation to innovation-promoting programs, governments adopt strategies to bolster entrepreneurship as a way of dodging the difficult interaction with existing companies. On the other hand, programs developed to promote interaction between universities and companies face cultural and institutional barriers that the government cannot surpass without a shift in mindset from representatives of other helixes as to the relevance of these partnerships. ItemInequality and size of government: Evidence from Brazilian states(2008) Mattos, Enlinson; Rocha, FabianaPurpose - This paper seeks to investigate the role of income-inequality on the size of local government. Design/methodology/approach - First, the paper extends the model proposed by Meltzer and Richard, allowing for spatial interaction in the redistributive in-kind transfers from the local governments. Second, it estimates the determinants of the size in local government taking into consideration spatial dependence in the variables. Findings - This model points that the poorer the median voter is, the higher should be the level of local public expenditures, but the spillover effect (spatial effect) in spending is undetermined. Second, using data on Brazilian states public finance, the results suggest a negative relation between expenditures (and tax revenues) and the median voter income, in favor to the model. While both public spending and tax rates exhibit negative spatial correlation (substitute goods), behavioral significance can be attached to the spatial process in public spending but not to the spatial process in the local tax rate. Originality/value - The paper provides a small extension of the Meltzer and Richard model allowing for spatial interaction and contributes to the empirical debate about inequality and the size of the government presenting the results for Brazil. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. ItemInformações de custos e qualidade do gasto público: lições da experiência internacional(2010) Rezende, Fernando; Cunha, Armando Santos Moreira da; Bevilacqua, RobertoAllocation and management of public funds can be significantly improved when good information on costs of producing and delivering public goods and services is regularly available, so that tax payers' money can bring better social benefits. Pundits diverge on which is the best way to use the information on government costs extracted from the adoption of accrual accounting in the public sector. Some argue in favor of using such information as an important tool for improving decision making during the regular budgetary process. Others support the idea of revolutionizing the whole budget by adopting the so-called accrual budgeting. This article explores this question on the basis of evidences provided by international experiences and points to important elements that should be taken into account in the ongoing debate in Brazil. ItemThe internationalization of Chinese RMB(2017-02-16) Su, WeiWith the rise of China for the last 30 years, its currency RMB is gaining more presence in the international trading. The Chinese government has been sending positive signals for internationalizing its currency in the recent decade but it still remains a question how it would execute the process. This dissertation focuses on discussing how a government should internationalize its currency, if it is in its interest and what it implies for Chinese government. We first look into the current situation for RMB internationalization. Then we look into Frankel (2014)’s currency theory and three important factors for the currency internationalization: the size of economy, the depth and openness of a country’s financial market, and the confidence in the value of the currency. Then we collect data to exam this theory. We then analyze the positive effect and negative effect of currency internationalization and how China developed coordinate policies in different periods In this dissertation, Frankel (2014) `s theory was proved in a different approach. We selected different variables and period to redid the test. We concluded that the internationalization of its currency is important but not prioritized for China. ItemO poder público como stakeholder das empresas: a iniciativaprivada e o estado no Projeto Porto Maravilha(2017-11-23) Amaro, Gabriel OliveiraObjetivo - Trata-se de uma pesquisa sobre as relações entre a iniciativa privada e o Estado, com o objetivo de, partindo de uma visão de dentro da empresa, entender o Poder Público como stakeholder para a montagem de uma estratégia que considere essa força atuante nas organizações. Para entender como trabalha essa pressão institucional, estudaremos o Poder Público para encaixá-lo como stakeholder e como força atuante no modelo de Porter, além de trazer um histórico sobre essa interação. Metodologia - Para isso selecionamos o caso do Porto Maravilha, uma Parceria Público Privada de reurbanização, já que nela temos a relação de uma concessionária como partícipe privada em um contrato com o Poder Público. Além disso, existem na área empreendimentos independentes que também podem ser analisados perante a relação do público com o privado. O estudo segue o método qualitativo, com viés exploratório. Foram entrevistados empresários que tem projetos na região do Porto maravilha, além da concessionária Porto Novo e sua contratante que representa o Poder Público. Utilizamos entrevistas semi-estruturadas, onde refletimos sobre as experiências onde o Estado se fez presente, identificando o papel que este assumiu como stakeholder de cada empresa. Resultado - A influência do Poder Público dentro das empresas resta notória em diversos aspectos. Ao final, contribuímos para o entendimento de como o Governo brasileiro se relaciona com as empresas, criando substrato para empresários tomarem decisões estratégicas conhecendo melhor uma das forças presentes no ambiente institucional: o Poder Público enquanto contratante, parceiro ou stakeholder. Contribuições Práticas - Concluímos com uma lista de ações práticas, elaborada a partir da pesquisa, como indicação para as empresas adotarem para melhor comportamento estratégico perante o Poder Público. Originalidade – A maior parte dos trabalhos sobre Parcerias Público-privadas toma o partícipe público como foco. Além disso, não é recorrente o estudo estratégico empresarial tomando o Poder Público como stakeholder