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ItemAbordagens institucionalistas das parcerias público-privadas: as experiências da Inglaterra e de Minas Gerais(2008-05-16) Correia, Marcelo Bruto da CostaPublic-Private Partnerships have been one of the pillars of the reforms of the state internationally. In Brazil, types of partnerships have been created during the course of the 90s, culminating with the approval of the law on Public-Private Partnerships, established with the objective of encouraging investment in infrastructure after the first stage of privatizations and concessions, under the inspiration of the British experience of Private Finance Initiative. The apparent similarity suggested by the best international practice, however, not rarely obscures historical and institutional varieties that influence the design of PPPs between countries, in particular the structure of incentives and credibility for long-term contracts. The object of this discussion is to inquiring how the institutionalist literature of different theoretical traditions - sociology, economics and political science - explains the interaction between the institutional environment and the structures of governance of these partnerships, modulating its features and influencing the results. After, describes, in the light of the British experience of partnerships, the deployment of PPP programme in the state of Minas Gerais, illustrating variables and assumptions drawn from the literature. ItemElementos econômicos para uma revisão da Lei 8884/94(2001) Oliveira, GesnerThe objective of the research is to contribute, in the light of economic theory, to a revision of the antitrust legislation in Brazil whose major legal piece is the Law 8884 of 1994. The research contains three parts. The first one situates Law 8884 in the context of the recent evolution of the Brazilian economy, underlining its increasing importance after the price stabilization of the mid-nineties. The second one summarizes, for a defined set of issues, the existant theoretical discussion and the administrative jurisprudence of CADE. The third one suggests specific improvements, including, when feasible, altternative proposals for changes in the law. ItemInfraestrutura e produtividade: uma análise empírica(2007-03-02) Mussolini, Caio CesarThe main goal of this dissertation is to analyze the relationship between infrastructure and total factor productivity (TFP) in Brazil and other Latin America countries — Argentina, Chile and Mexico. At first, it was estimated the impact of the ratio of public capital-private capital over the Brazilian’s productivity. In that sense, it was used a VECM to investigate the interaction between these variables, whether on the long run, or the short (medium) run. In fact, it was found that this complementary relation (public-private) helps in explainning TFP’s path from 1950 to 2000. Besides, the short (medium) run analysis has indicated that (positive) shocks in this relation have a significant effect over the TFP, but the opposite is not true. After that, the hypothesis of cointegration between physical infrastructure measures (electricity energy, roads and telecomunnication) and TFP regarding those countries was tested, using two methodologies — the Johansen test and the Saikkonen and Lütkepohl test (S&L). The estimated elasticities suggest that the energy and the road sector have a positive influence over TFP, therefore, on the long run economic growth. The telecomunnication sector has not presented robust results of cointegration, which could indicate a less expressive effect of this sector over the long run growth.