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ItemInnovating in urban green and blue infrastructure to improve the food-water-energy nexus: an implementation guide for cities and subnational governments(FGV EAESP CEISA, 2022-06-20) Macedo, Laura Silvia Valente de; Bellezoni, Rodrigo Augusto; Oliveira, José Antônio Puppim de; Salehi, Pourya; Currie, Paul; Jones, Amy; Hughes, Andrew; Simion, Ioana; Chatfield-Smith, Naomi; Chen, Yihui; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Li, Tianyu; Adeogun, Paul A.; Boothroyd, ThomasThis is a guide to cities to improve “Food-Water-Energy Nexus” (FWEN) using green and blue infrastructure in cities. IFWEN is a new framework to address old problems in cities: unsustainable use and scarcity of natural resources, inefficient and wasteful management and social inequalities. FWEN is based on “systems thinking” instead of “silos thinking” to help integrate different sectors and departments in managing resources to improve efficiency and quality in the use of food, water and energy. By identifying the connections between these elements and the sectors involved in their governance, this guide adopts an “urban metabolism” approach. It outlines an integrated management vision in providing environmental services to its inhabitants. By considering the synergies and trade-offs between these resources within a collaborative governance approach, the methodology presented here can help urban managers and policy makers on the pathway toward sustainable development. Deployment of Green and Blue Infrastructure (GBI) can improve the FWEN. The FWEN approach addresses several of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) simultaneously, particularly SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), and supports the implementation of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. ItemSmart governance in a case of contextual inequality(2023-03-01) Figueiredo, Bruno Andrade deThis dissertation explores a case of Smart Urban Governance implemented in a context of high social and urban inequality, in the city of Salvador in Brazil. Ouvindo Nosso Bairro is a participatory budget program with a digital dimension. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the program migrated entirely to online channels. Through a qualitative lens, this study explores the different perspectives of the program participants and analyzes the governance arrangement, embedded into an unequal context, to answer if participation actually exist. The findings showed the importance of analyzing the context, and particularly, the inequalities and the excluded people when studying Smart Urban Governance, as they revealed that the program was not reaching part of the population. As a result of this research, a framework for analyzing Smart Urban Governance was created with a specific set of variables that explore the contextual inequalities. This closer look at exclusion has the potential to unravel the shortcomings of a smart program and help public managers mitigate them.