Navegando por Assunto "Indicadores educacionais"
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ItemOs demonstrativos contábeis publicados para a comprovação do atendimento do artigo 212 da constituição federal e a eficácia dos gastos com o desenvolvimento do ensino pelos municípios brasileiros.(2010-08-30) Andrade, Márcio Sales deThe Brazil’s Federal Constitution determines that the cities and states apply not less than 25% of the somatory of the prescriptions taxes and constitutions transferences in the actions related to public education. To demonstrate the attendance of this constitution rule each being it must publish a constant countable demonstrative in the summarized report of the budgetary execution, instituted for the Secretary of the National Treasure – STN since 2000, after the validity of the Law of Fiscal Responsibility – LC 101/2000. It would carry it STN nº 560, of December 14th of 2001, instituted the manual of elaboration of the summarized report of the budgetary execution, hold of some countable pictures, where it has its Annex X the Demonstrative with Maintenance and Development of Instruction – MDE, to evidence the values destined to the education. Not despite the evidence of the application if of the one by means of a countable demonstrative, this doesn’t guarantee that the resources destined to the actions of education obey quality criteria. It doesn’t have in the demonstrative social indicating that allows to verifying the evolution in the level of education of the public networks, what it led to the institution of new pointers to evaluate the results of these public investments. The Index of Development of the Brazilian Education – IDEB, came to establish goals of social criteria by means of a punctuation that classifies the federative beings results partners in an accordance with presented, as the tax of approval and pertaining to school abandonment, for example. Ranking divulged in 2009 demonstrates the cities that had gotten the worst places had proven the attendance of article 212 of the Brazilian Federal Constitution, that is, doesn’t have a relation between the constitutional rule and the effectiveness of the administration of the education for the Brazilians cities; this is exactly the intention of this work. Item"Doença Brasileira": Distribuição de Royalties e desenvolvimento de capital humano no Brasil(2022-12-26) Silva, Thomás MoreiraCom a descoberta da camada do Pré-Sal no litoral brasileiro, e consequente aumento significativo de recursos provenientes de sua exploração, o debate sobre a metodologia e divisão dos royalties entre as esferas municipal, estadual e federal voltou a ganhar relevância no Brasil. Esse trabalho busca avaliar os efeitos que essas receitas provenientes da exploração de óleo e gás têm nos indicadores de saúde e educação municipais no período analisado. Para isso, foi utilizada a metodologia de regressão linear com efeitos fixos, de município e ano, para estudar esses impactos controlando pelas variáveis não observadas, e avaliar o efeito dessa distribuição desigual de royalties. Os resultados encontrados indicam um efeito positivo dos royalties no índice de vacinação, tanto usando a base contendo todos os municípios quanto só a dos recebedores. Além disso, verificou-se uma não linearidade nos efeitos dos royalties no indicador de proficiência em português do SAEB, observando-se efeito negativo das receitas nesse indicador até um determinado valor de royalties per capita, a partir do qual o efeito se mostra positivo. ItemO rateio de ICMS por desempenho de municípios no Ceará e seu impacto em indicadores do sistema de avaliação da educação(2014-11-28) Brandão, Júlia BarbosaOne quarter of all of the Value Added Tax (VAT) collected by Brazilian states is distributed among the municipalities. Three quarters of this transfer is based on the value added by each municipality, but states have the discretion to set their own rules to distribute the remaining quarter. Some states have (recently) changed their laws to condition the distribution on performance indicators as an incentive for better governance. In the state of Ceará all of the discretionary portion of the VAT is distributed according to a rule based on the indicators of performance in the areas of education (72%), health (20%), and environment (8%). This study aims to estimate the impact of the introduction of such rule in Ceará on municipalities performance in education, measured by the IDEB and Prova Brasil. This was done by employing the double difference method to compare the change in performance around the introduction of the new rules in municipalities in Ceará and in neighboring states. Two alternative ways to define the treatment and control groups were used, one relying on geographical proximity and the other on standard matching techniques. In addition to the basic comparison between treatment and control groups, we also separated municipalities into winners and losers of the new law, and into the best and worst GDP per capita performances. The results indicate a positive impact on both the IDEB and Prova Brasil. Even those municipalities that lost resources with the change in the VAT distribution rules have improved their performance in education. The poorer municipalities in the state, which have performed worse than the richest ones, increased their performance by decreasing the performance deficit relative to the richest municipalities. In this sense, there is evidence that the change in the VAT Law implemented by Ceará generated positive impacts in municipality performance in both IDEB and Prova Brasil.