Navegando por Assunto "Nacionalismo"
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ItemAfter financial-rentier capitalism, structural change in sight?(Centro Brasileiro de Análise e Planejamento, 2017) Bresser-Pereira, Luiz CarlosBrexit and the election of Donald Trump are a symptom of the political crisis of globalization and neoliberalism. The secret of capitalism was in entrepreneurs who combined economic liberalism and individualism with nationalism and national solidarity around the domestic market. With multinational corporations, entrepreneurs have been replaced by rentiers, whose incomes do not derive from the domestic market, but from abroad, and national solidarity has been broken. ItemBatalha pela democracia: 1961-1964: outras visões, os sargentos e o governo João Goulart(2010-03-31) Santos, Stefan Freitas dosO presente trabalho propõe debater o papel dos chamados praças das Forças Armadas, sargentos, cabos e suboficiais, durante o governo João Goulart e sua luta pelo exercício da cidadania, em uma instituição baseada na hierarquia e disciplina. Partindo da ideia clássica de cidadania proposta por T. H. Marshall e sua divisão em direitos civis, políticos e sociais, situar os praças nesse contexto e o comportamento dúbio da oficialidade quanto à quebra da hierarquia. Em outros episódios históricos de revoltas militares, como os dos tenentes em 1922 e 1924; e as sublevações de Jacareacanga (PA), no ano de 1956, e Aragarças (GO) em 1959, promovidos por oficiais que foram punidos, mas posteriormente anistiados, sem prejuízo para as suas carreiras — ao contrário dos praças que foram expulsos das Forças Armadas após o golpe de estado de 1.º de abril de 1964. ItemBrasil, sociedade nacional-dependente(Centro Brasileiro de Análise e Planejamento, 2012-07-01) Bresser-Pereira, Luiz CarlosThe history of independent Brazil may be divided in three major political cycles, and, since 1930, we can distinguish five political pacts or class coalitions. Since 1930 these pacts have been nationalist. Only in the 1990s the Brazilian elites surrendered to the neoliberal hegemony. Yet, since the mid 2000s, they are recovering their idea of nation. In fact, the main claim of the essay is that Brazilian elites and the Brazilian society are national-dependent, i. e. , they are ambiguous and contradictory, requiring an oxymoron to define them. Today, it searches for a synthesis between the two last political cycles - between social justice and economic development in the framework of democracy. ItemModels of developmental state(2016) Bresser-Pereira, Luiz CarlosThis paper searches to understand the developmental state and its historical role in the industrial revolution and after it. First, the developmental state is defined as an alternative to the liberal state. Second, it was in the framework of a developmental state that industrial revolutions took place, and four models of developmental state are defined. Third, after the industrial revolution, the state withdraws partially from the economy, but the developmental state continues to have a major role in assuring the general conditions that make competitive the competent business enterprises in each country – in conducing an active macroeconomic policy, particularly an exchange rate policy, in coordinating the non-competitive industries, and in conducing strategic industrial and technological policy. The paper concludes by comparing developmentalism with nationalism. ItemA nação faz 100 anos: a questão nacional no centenário da independência(1992) Motta, Marly Silva da ItemNacionalismo no centro e na periferia do capitalismo(Instituto de Estudos Avançados da Universidade de São Paulo, 2008-04-01) Bresser-Pereira, Luiz CarlosIn this work I show that nationalism, together with liberalism, socialism, efficientism and the environmentalism, is one of the ideologies of the modern societies. In the first section, I define nation as the form of society politically organized that is born with the Capitalist Revolution and leads to the formation of the nation-state, and nationalism as the corresponding ideology: its objective is the autonomy and the national economic development. In the second section, I distinguish the nationalism of the central countries from that one of the peripheral countries; while in the first the nationalism is implicit, in the peripherals is explicit or then turn to the cosmopolitism. In the third section I argument that the imperialism, even being inevitable between strong and week countries, will change its characteristics when this relation of forces is modified as a consequence of the nationalism of the dominated ones. Still in this section, I make one brief reference to Brazil. Finally, I come back to the ideologies of the capitalism to show that, differently from the others, the nationalism is a particularist ideology, which increases the resistance to it and facilitates the task of domination of the central countries. Yet, the nationalism does not disappear because it is an organizer principle of the capitalist society. ItemPalestinians in Latin America: between assimilation and long-distance nationalism(Univ California Press, 2014) Baeza, CeciliaLatin America is host to an estimated half-million people of Palestinian descent, the largest such population outside the Arab world. Migration to the region began in the late 1800s and peaked between 1900 and 1930, with surges around periods of war or economic crisis in Palestine. Predominantly the descendants of a pre-Nakba generation, mostly middle to upper-class Christians who are well-represented among political and business elites, Palestinians in Latin America do not easily fit into a national narrative shaped by the refugee experience. They have therefore held little interest for Palestinian historiography as they did not meet the criteria of 'Palestinian-ness' as defined by a nationalist discourse centered on dispossession, denial, and statelessness. With a special focus on Chile,1 this article presents a historical overview of the Palestinian emigre community in Latin America, shedding light on its diverse and dynamic identity politics.