A Monografia ou Trabalho de Curso (TC) da Escola de Relações Internacionais da Fundação Getulio Vargas é um trabalho de natureza científica que reúne análises e interpretações relevantes para o campo de Relações Internacionais, utilizando-se de metodologias e técnicas compatíveis com a pesquisa acadêmica.
O TC é parte integrante do Currículo do Curso e a sua realização satisfatória constitui condição necessária para a obtenção do diploma de Bacharel em Relações Internacionais.
Nesta seção estão disponíveis os melhores trabalhos produzidos pelos alunos da graduação. Após cuidadosa análise da comissão avaliadora, foram convidados à submissão as pesquisas que se destacaram pelo seu rigor acadêmico e relevância temática.
A FGV RI disponibiliza a produção intelectual de seus alunos de graduação em meio digital, com acesso livre e irrestrito, visando contribuir, dessa forma, à disseminação do conhecimento científico e tecnológico entre a comunidade acadêmica.
I analyze how foreign direct investment (FDI) influences the level of corruption in the host country. Most of the literature has been focused on the determinants of investment and the relationship between multinational companies (MNCs) and the host country. Nevertheless, the research on FDI has overlooked the institutional effects of FDI. I argue that the MNCs entrance and presence in the host country lead to higher corruption levels. MNCs crowd out domestic companies and increase market concentration. The lower domestic competition leads to higher economic rents for MNCs affiliates. Consequently, FDI inflows aggravate the incentives for demanding and accepting bribes. To test the hypothesis, I employ fixed-effects models to assess the relationship between the inflows of FDI and the levels of corruption in the host. The results indicate a negative relationship between FDI and corruption. Furthermore, the findings suggest that higher FDI inflows relate to lower levels of corruption in the host country. The results highlight significant impacts on policy-making and the prevention of corruption.
Do swinging commodities prices help local incumbents remain in office? Despite the sizable scholarly research suggesting that the performance of Brazil’s economy is largely dependent upon thriving commodities cycles, the extent to which its swaying prices affect political fortunes in Brazil remains unclear. More specifically, we lack a comprehensive empirical enquiry to attest whether global commodities benchmarks affect the odds of incumbent reelection. Utilizing a fixed effects logit model with a novel dataset covering micro-level information for 5,568 Brazilian municipalities between 2004 and 2012, I show that mayors in Brazil are highly sensitive to exogenous factors that impact commodity prices, such as sudden global supply-chain disruptions related to the outbreak of Covid-19 and ripple effects linked to the current War in Ukraine. Empirically, I show that each additional unit increase in a global commodity index is associated, on average, with a 0.4% greater probability of mayors being reelected. By demonstrating that incumbency effects are strongly connected to outcomes that go beyond the tangible control of officeholders, my findings offer new insight into studies centered on citizen competence and effective government accountability.
Increasing women's representation in local executive and legislative offices may impact how they behave differently from their male counterparts and deliver public policies. This paper examines whether electing women as mayor and increasing local chamber representation leads to an improvement in eleven healthcare indicators. Using a regression discontinuity design and fixed effect methods in a panel covering over 5000 Brazilian municipalities over 20 years, the results suggest female mayors significantly improve child and maternal healthcare indicators, while increasing women's representation in the local chamber leads to an overall increase in healthcare performance indicators. Moreover, I find evidence that competitiveness plays a role in mediating this relationship. These findings echo the literature on substantive representation and suggest that increasing women's representation in politics leads to better health, especially among women and children in Brazil.
How the interaction between ideology and salience of corruption drives electoral accountability in Brazil? This paper will study if left-wing politicians are more electorally punished for being corrupt than non-left-wing ones in Brazil’s municipal elections. The turmoil period between the July 2013 protests and President Dilma Rousseff’s leaving office in August 2016 portrayed corruption as the main topic of discussion for Brazil’s population and left-wing politicians were portrayed as the main characters. Does increasing the salience and focusing this narrative on one ideology increases electoral accountability? I will study this by running a cross-section analysis encompassing Brazilian municipalities from 2004 to 2016, which will test if (i) left-wing politicians are more electorally punished for being corrupt and if (ii) the increase in salience leads to an increase in electoral accountability. The results indicate that being a left-wing candidate previously listed by the TCU does not reduce the chances of being elected. To be overall previously involved in corruption, however, is indeed correlated with lower chances of election, mainly for the first years of the study, 2004 and 2008.
As manifestações expressas por integrantes dos quadros da Fundação Getulio Vargas, nas quais constem a sua identificação como tais, em artigos e entrevistas publicados nos meios de comunicação em geral, representam exclusivamente as opiniões dos seus autores e não, necessariamente, a posição institucional da FGV. Portaria FGV Nº19