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    Supplier diversity in Brazilian firms
    (2021) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza
    This paper aims to empirically investigate how buying companies in Brazil are implementing volunteered supplier diversity program. This study identified enablers and barriers for such initiatives based on interviews with buyers, suppliers, and third-party organizations based on interviews with companies’ representatives, minorities suppliers and NGOs. Among others, our findings provide evidence that while an organizational culture of diversity and customer-focus motivate organizations, the barriers are mostly related to buyers' profile, lack of a clear guideline, lack of qualified minority suppliers and prejudice.
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    Gender diversity in supply base: an empirical investigation
    (2021) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza; Biazzin, Cristiane; Tonelli, Maria José; Soares-Silva, Danilo
    Despite the increasing interest in socially responsible sourcing, many organizations still do not know how to incorporate social issues into their procurement policies. Based on a survey, in this paper we investigated the extent of adoption of gender supplier diversity program (GDP), by buying companies, and tested the association between six possible enablers and GDP. Our results identified that less than 15% of respondents had initiatives on gender diversity. Additionally, adoption of GPD is improved based on three key factors: clear procurement practices, perception of benefits in operational performance, and a corporate social responsibility program.
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    A Importância da gestão da cadeia de suprimentos no fluxo de caixa
    (2021) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza
    Apesar do amplo debate sobre como a gestão da cadeia de suprimentos (Supply Chain Management - SCM) influencia o desempenho das organizações, poucos estudos se dedicam a entender como suas práticas estão relacionadas ao fluxo de caixa das empresas. Desta forma, o presente artigo tem o objetivo de discutir como profissionais atuantes em SCM percebem a relação entre suas práticas em termos de gestão de estoques, gestão de fornecedores e gestão de clientes e o fluxo de caixa da firma. Baseada em uma abordagem qualitativa, com coleta de dados por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas, o estudo sugere que as empresas não adotam uma única métrica para avaliar esta relação. Ademais, enquanto os entrevistados reconhecem a relação direta entre gestão de inventário e fluxo de caixa, a mesma não é tão transparente quando se trata de gestão de fornecedores e de clientes. Os resultados sugerem a necessidade de maior conhecimento sobre o tema por parte dos profissionais de SCM para uma efetiva contribuição da área para o desempenho empresarial.
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    Gender diversity in supply base: an empirical Investigation
    (2020) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza
    Despite the increasing interest on socially responsible sourcing, many organizations still do not know how to incorporate social issues, such as supplier diversity, in their procurement policies. Based on a survey, this paper investigates the extent of adoption of gender supplier diversity program (GDP), by buying companies. Additionally, we tested the association between six possible enablers and GDP. Our results suggest that less than 15% of the respondents had initiatives on gender diversity. Moreover, our findings identified that clear procurement practices, the perception of benefits in operational performance and a corporate social responsibility program are key factors to improve the participation of women-owned suppliers in the supply base of corporations.
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    Digital supply chain: a literature review
    (2019) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza; Freitas, Kenyth Alves de; Bittar, Alexandre de Vicente
    There is no common ground on what a Digital Supply Chain (DSC) really is, what technologies are associated to it, the extension of these technologies’ application into the chain, or the value created (Buyukozkan & Gocer, 2018). The research was guided by the following questions: 1) What is the most appropriate definition for DSC? 2) What technologies have been used at each stage of supply chain management and what is the value created for the companies that adopt them? A Systematic Literature Review was conducted focusing on three highest ratings of ABS Guide 2018, in the fields of Operations and Technology Management, Information Management, and General Management, Ethics, Gender, and Social Responsibility. Using a combination of keywords related to supply chain and digital* (OR smart OR intelligent), a list of 134 papers were identified in the Web of Science database. The first aim of our analysis was to define DSC. To expand the discussion, we adopted the process known as snowball to incorporate the definitions cited in the paper of Büyüközkan and Göcer (2018). A concept of "Digital Supply Chain" with a chain management perspective and not of technology was proposed. Thus, the present study defines "Digital Supply Chain" as: "a supply chain that uses digital platforms, digital technologies and data analytics, connected in intra/interorganizational systems, to promote integration, collaboration and synchronization and increase efficiency, service level, visibility, sustainability and resilience, resulting in consistent value creation in the chain and for the end customer." Furthermore, the analysis showed three important dimensions: the unit of analysis, technology, and values. The first dimension, unit of analysis, allowed us to identify that the studies apply the concept of DSC in a restricted way, within a company, or in a wide way, in the supply chain. The application of broad form occurs in the dyads and the chain, involving multiple partners. There is also a variety of digital technologies for collecting, transmitting, and analyzing data applied in different processes of the supply chain. The proposed framework suggests an evolutionary stage to be adopted by organizations. Nevertheless, companies do not necessarily need to go through all stages. The stage at which the entire chain becomes digital consists of a high degree of maturity, where all processes and all organizations would be connected by these technologies. This study proposes an integrative definition for a digital supply chain and also allowed to identify the most cited digital technologies in each area SCM and the gains by function within the chain.
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    Diversity in supply base: a literature review and future research agend
    (2019) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza
    Supplier diversity grasps a growing interest in supply chain management field, motivated by economic and social responsibility drivers’ programs and stakeholders’ pressure. However, procurement strategies are somehow controversial: it is a procurement trend to focus on optimization and downsizing of the supply base as an alternative to improve costs and buyersupplier relationships, and diversity-based organizations have difficulties to compete with bigger players. Moreover, it is not rare, due to social discrimination, that organizations reduce even more the chances of businesses owned by minority groups to participate in these chains. Based on that, this paper aims to explore how scholars have been addressing the ‘women-owned suppliers’ development and what are the barriers faced by this group of suppliers. By doing so, we review the literature of supplier diversity (specially women-owned suppliers). This review not only addresses an assessment of current studies, but it provides a comprehensive analysis of how procurement managers are addressing the topic in their policies and practices within and outside organizational boundaries. Our results suggested that the theme should be further investigated in order to improve the participation of women-owned suppliers in the supply base of corporations.
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    Climate change adaptation and inaction strategies
    (2019) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza
    Climate change represents a major challenge for businesses and society. Companies face the increasing pressure to mitigate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) and to adapt their strategy and operations to the increasing threat of extreme weather events. Adaptive responses depend on the managerial capabilities in terms of perceiving environmental change and learning from experiences, from others and from the context. With a multiple case study, we explore how cognitive and social factors influenced firms’ strategic responses upon the occurrence of an extreme weather event in the context of agribusiness. Our data reveal that besides experience of extreme weather event and the perception of climate risk, the empowerment of agents have influence in the decisions towards adaptation or to inaction towards climate change. Our study contributes to the investigation of the drivers and the barriers of adaptation to climatic events and of the importance of partnerships and technology in the development of adaptation capabilities
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    Sustainable development in the Amazon: a case study on new forms of organizing
    (2020) Wood Junior, Thomaz; Oliveira, Dafne de
    Sustainable development has become a major topic for public policy makers and managers as the impact of human actions on the environment generate increasingly dramatic consequences for society, the economy and for business. In parallel, the debate about alternative business models is growing in academia. Our research is aligned with the above movements. This article describes and analyzes a case of organizing for sustainable development that involved multiple social actors. The research focuses on a project that aimed to define guidelines for carrying out large-scale construction projects in the Amazon. As theoretical lens, we used the concept of territorial governance, defined as the co-joint process of engaging, organizing and coordinating social actors to develop territorial capital and cohesion in a sustainable way. We found that: first, the social technology that was employed in the case, which was based on transparency, strategic communication and convergence construction, was vital to the success of the project; second, the project fostered territorial cohesion and relationships between social actors; and third, the notion of territorial governance can be applied even in areas where the population density is low. We believe that this study makes a contribution to studies on sustainable development and territorial governance, as well as to organizational studies in a broader fashion. The use of territory as the locus of analysis offers opportunities for researchers that are interested in expanding their knowledge of new ways of organizing, especially ways that can provide solutions to grand economic, social and environmental challenges.
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    Strategic planning as a conflict-mediating routine: A multilevel study
    (2020) Wood Junior, Thomaz; Pasturino, Marco; Caldas, Miguel P.
    This paper aims to contribute to strategy as practice studies by showing how strategic planning may function as a conflict-mediating routine. We conducted a five-year case study in a large financial services firm jointly owned by a Brazilian state bank and a European multinational financial company. These companies have different business objectives: the former prioritizes short-term financial results, while the latter prioritizes long-term consolidation of the business. We present the case in the form of a narrative of findings, which shows how we pursue and uncover different levels of organizational reality and, more specifically, the different roles played by strategic planning. The paper makes three contributions: first, to multilevel empirical studies of strategy as practice, dealing with macrostructures, intermediate structures and micropractices; second, to studies of routines as praxis capable of supporting the solution of conflicts that arise from the presence of different business logics; and third, to business practice, as it provides guidance on considering additional roles taken by strategic planning.
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    Does manager soft skills competence impact unit performance? Not sufficient, but quite necessary
    (2020) Caldas, Miguel P.; Wood Junior, Thomaz; Samartini, Andre; Bullara, Rodolfo Furtado de Carvalho
    Firms worldwide increasingly link competency-based appraisals to rewards as a tool to align human capital to business strategy and performance. Its assumption is that competence mastery at the individual level would drive up unit- or organizational-level performance. However, few empirical studies tested the empirical validity of this assumption. We conducted a large-scale empirical analysis, involving “live” and consequential soft skills competence appraisal data for 682 unit managers in a large bank. We tested if appraised proficiency in four soft skills-related competencies influenced unit-level performance, using both a sufficiency logic and a necessity logic. Our results indicated that, while from a sufficiency logic, unit-level performance could not be significantly explained from individual-level mastery of soft skills, from a necessity logic competence in soft skills at the individual level were necessary – with a large effect – to achieve high unit-level performance. Implications of our findings for soft skill development, appraisal and reward are discussed.
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    Análise crítica da extensão da estratégia de Polos de Desenvolvimento para a Zona Norte da cidade de São Paulo
    (2020) Abdal, Alexandre; Wissenbach, Tomás Cortez
    O presente artigo visa desenvolver uma apreciação crítica das estratégias de ?Polos de Desenvolvimento? adotadas pelo Plano Diretor Estratégico da cidade de São Paulo a partir da consideração do caso da Zona Norte paulistana (PL 01-00669/2018, ora em tramitação). O PL, sustentado por estudo de vocações econômicas para a Zona Norte, estende os incentivos fiscais (desconto no ISS, isenção de IPTU e ITBI) e urbanísticos (isenção de OODC entre outros) para os eixos Anhanguera, Fernão Dias e Raimundo Pereira Magalhães. O artigo reconhece no processo a retomada das possibilidades de planejamento e indução do desenvolvimento nas áreas mais distantes da cidade que o Plano Diretor Estratégico e os Polos de Desenvolvimento proporcionam. Porém, argumenta haver certos dilemas não resolvidos no PL. Especificamente: inadequações entre os instrumentos de concessões fiscais e urbanísticas e a consecução dos objetivos de manutenção e atração de investimentos, atividades e empregos; o risco da emergência de modalidade intrametropolitana de guerra fiscal, em contexto de ausência de coordenação metropolitana; a ausência de mecanismos de seletividade, contrapartida e/ou monitoramento dos benefícios previstos; e a baixa participação das comunidades e populações locais. Ao final, recomendações são apresentadas, ajudando a aprimorar o instrumento e torna-lo mais transparente e efetivo.
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    Doadores de alta renda e organizações de direitos humanos no Brasil
    (2019) Alves, Mário Aquino; Abdal, Alexandre; Nogueira, Fernando do Amaral; Pineda, Andréa Martini; Campos, Pedro Henrique Lopes
    Este artigo procura responder à seguinte pergunta de pesquisa: por que indivíduos de alta renda doariam para as causas de direitos humanos? Desenvolveu-se uma pesquisa qualitativa, empregando tanto dados de fontes secundárias para caracterizar o universo dos indivíduos de alta renda e lançando mão da técnica de grupo focal para compreender as percepções deste estrato sobre suas práticas de solidariedade (voluntariado, doação), bem como suas percepções sobre a temática “direitos humanos”. Os resultados apontam para uma alta propensão a práticas de solidariedade e doação, mas pouco estruturadas. Há significativo desconhecimento, resistência e preconceito em relação a direitos humanos por parte dessa população. Por outro lado, a maior parte deste público não é indiferente às diversas causas que podem ser associadas aos direitos humanos, tais como atenção à saúde, educação, discriminação de gênero e raça, atenção aos refugiados; nem mesmo à questão da defesa de direito.
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    Cross-listing and price efficiency: An institutional explanation
    (2022) Diniz-Maganini, Natalia; Rasheed, Abdul A.; Yasar, Mahmut; Sheng, Hsia Hua
    Although many of the benefits of cross-listing have been examined in prior research, potential improvements in price efficiency have received less attention. We examine the differences in price efficiencies between American depositary receipts (ADRs) of foreign firms and the shares listed in their home markets. Based on multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MF-DFA) of the daily price of 200 ADRs and their domestically listed shares for the period from January 2010 to June 2019, we find that ADRs, in general, show greater price efficiency than their corresponding home market shares. Furthermore, our analysis shows that firms from civil law countries, firms from countries that have low levels of minority investor protection, and firms from emerging economies experience the greatest gains in price efficiency when they list their ADRs in the US compared to firms from common law countries, firms from countries with high levels of investor protection, and firms from developed countries. Furthermore, we also find that these efficiency improvements cannot be attributed to increases in liquidity. Instead, they can be mostly explained by institutional differences. Our results suggest that firms engage in institutional borrowing when their home-country markets are institutionally deficient.
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    A worldwide assessment of changes in adherence to COVID-19 protective behaviours and hypothesized pandemic fatigue
    (Nat ure Human Behaviour, 2021) Goldszmidt, Rafael Guilherme Burstein; Petherick, Anna; Andrade, Eduardo Bittencourt; Furst, Rodrigo; Hale, Thomas; Pott, Annalena; Wood, Andrew
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    Social class shapes donation allocation preferences
    (2021) Vieites, Yan; Goldszmidt, Rafael Guilherme Burstein; Andrade, Eduardo Bittencourt
    When considering a charitable act, consumers must often decide on how to allocate their resources across a multitude of possible causes. This article assesses how the relative “urgency” of the causes under consideration (i.e., how critical to human survival the causes are) shapes preferences for specific causes among higher and lower social class consumers. Across a series of studies in a highly unequal socioeconomic environment (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), we demonstrate that lower-class consumers prefer to donate to urgent causes (e.g., alleviating hunger) compared to non-urgent causes (e.g., encouraging cultural activities), whereas the effect reverses among higher-class consumers.
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    An Exploratory Analysis of Precedent Relevance in the Brazilian Supreme Court Rulings
    (2019-09) Correia, Fernando Alves; Nunes, José Luiz; Almeida, Guilherme da Franca Couto Fernandes de; Almeida, Alexandre A. A.; Lopes, Hélio
    The new Brazilian Code of Civil Procedure (CPC) has elevated the importance of precedents in the legal decision-making process. This increased the need to find relevant precedents for a given issue or dispute. Precedents play a central role in judicial thinking by providing information to judges about the legal relevance of particular facts and by establishing legal rules. Precedents are also an important argumentative tool, enabling lawyers to present arguments based on previous decisions. The automated search for relevant precedents is an unattended issue in the Brazilian scenario, partly due to the court’s massive production of decisions — only in 2018 the Brazilian Supreme Court (STF) produced more than 121.000 new rulings — and partly due to the technical challenges arising from the unstructured nature of the court’s practices. In this paper, we present a study of precedent relevance, taking into account the uniqueness of the Brazilian legal system and of STF. To do so, we conducted an exploratory investigation over the precedent network extracted from 1.152.963 decisions published by the STF between 2008 and 2018. This exploratory analysis, although interesting in itself, reveals important challenges that need to be overcome by future research in order for the technology to have the kind of impact it can have on legal practice and academia. In our conclusion, we set out possible paths forward, briefly considering some of the most promising ways to sort out the signal from the noise.
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    Regulação da água no Brasil: estratégias atuais, desafios e uma nova possibilidade regulatória
    (2019-05) Porto, Antônio José Maristrello; Pavão, Bianca Borges Medeiros; Nogueira, Rafaela
    Os pressupostos e os instrumentos previstos no modelo brasileiro de gestão da água, são orientados pela racionalidade econômica, que tem como vantagem a utilização de critérios objetivos que permitem o uso do recurso de forma mais eficiente. No entanto, esta lógica pode ser questionada quanto à sua capacidade de resultar em práticas que possibilitem a universalização do acesso ao recurso, em face da sua condição elementar. O objetivo desse artigo é analisar os mecanismos e os instrumentos de regulação da água no Brasil e discutir uma nova estratégia regulatória. Como resultado concluímos que embora a regulação da água seja orientada pelos pressupostos da racionalidade econômica, na prática, ela tem resultado em fragilidades quanto a uma divisão equânime da água. A alocação negociada da água emerge enquanto uma alternativa que pode possibilitar novas práticas regulatórias.