23 de agosto de 2022 - Vídeos dos Destaques de Projetos de Pesquisa - 2021 e 2022

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    Water resources regulation in Brazil
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Dutra, Joísa Campanher; Werneck, Morgana
    TThis paper examines the desirability and feasibility of creating water markets to promote the efficient reallocation of water in Brazil, a country with abundant but unevenly distributed water. A first principles analysis shows that water markets may dominate other instruments, including water pricing (that is, a price above and beyond the cost of storing and transporting water, to reflect water scarcity). Read the Paper: http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/30074 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Latin American urban Big Data: Cities of São Paulo, Montevideo, Quito, Xalapa and Miraflores
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Biderman, Ciro
    Managing cities and conceiving public policies in a context of increasingly fast social and technological changes are challenges that have led to debates and reflections in various sectors of society. But at the same time new technologies are introduced, many cities have low capacity to transform the data generated into relevant information. This causes loss of an opportunity to resolve public problems and promote social and economic development based on these data. This investigation identifies to what extent the urban data are available and accessible regarding five Latin American cities – São Paulo, Montevideo, Quito, Xalapa and Miraflores – and verifies the quality of these data for the purposes of planning sustainable urban policies. Based on this analysis, the study describes a consistent prognosis and makes a set of recommendations to improve the publication of data and create opportunities to model public policies for open innovation and generate public value attributed to the available open data. Read the Paper: http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/29690 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    The impact of the simples tax regime on the productivity of brazilian companies
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Barbosa Filho, Fernando de Holanda
    This study analyzes whether the tax incentives of the Simples regime (only applicable to small businesses, based on revenue) are generating any distortion in the size of Brazilian companies, and thus negatively contributing to aggregate productivity in Brazil. Read the Paper: http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/29381 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Fish farming and malaria: A model to control the population of mosquitoes
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Aronna, Maria Soledad
    Fish farming contributes to the transmission of malaria in some parts of the Amazon. It relies on artificial tanks that become attractive sites for mosquitoes to lay their eggs. This work analyzes the problem of malaria in the region of the Alto Juruá River basin, in the state of Acre, proposing a system of differential equations for epidemiological modeling, taking into account the relationship between the lack of maintenance of fish farming tanks and the prevalence of malaria. Read the paper: http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/29232 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Creation of a consumer price index based on web information (IPC-W)
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Braz, André; Mendes, Eduardo Fonseca; Ardeo, Vagner L.
    Based on the initiative called “The Billion Prices Project” (BPP), developed by Professor Alberto Cavallo of MIT, as described in Cavallo and Rigobon (2016), the project has created the potential to reduce the costs of gathering data and calculating traditional indexes, besides providing more disaggregated information with higher frequency regarding price levels. Read the Paper: http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/25909 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Assessment of the impact of the use of body cameras by the military police of the state of São Paulo
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Monteiro, Joana
    Police forces have a legitimate monopoly on the use of force in Brazil, which must be used in the preservation of the public interest and always with respect for human dignity. In the last years, the Military Police of the State of Sao Paulo (PMESP) has introduced a series of initiatives aimed at reducing the disproportionate use of the police force, in particular the use of body cameras, a technology that is increasingly being used in other countries. However, there is still little scientific evidence on the impact of the use of body cameras, especially within the institutional framework and in the context of Latin American countries that have higher rates of crime and violence. The project objective is to assess the impact of the use of body cameras by the PMESP on indicators of use of force, perception of safety and criminality. To this end, a quasi-experiment will be conducted, where police companies selected to use the cameras during the initial phase of the program will be paired with similar companies that have not yet received the cameras. Preliminary results indicate that this technology plays a key role in reducing police lethality. Additionally, the project foresees the analysis of initiatives that constitute the Program for Reduction of Force Use of the Military Police of the State of Sao Paulo that complement the technological innovation introduced by body cameras. In particular, protocols for supervising and reviewing camera images that enhance the effects of using cameras on police uniforms will be documented. This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Worldwide evaluation changes adherence protective measures Covid-19 and pandemic fatigue hypothesis
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Goldszmidt, Rafael Guilherme Burstein; Bittencourt, Eduardo
    This study was motivated by World Health Organization (WHO) concerns about the possible occurrence of psychological fatigue in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, which could affect adherence to the proposed protective measures. By the end of 2020, at a time in the pandemic when many countries were experiencing a severe resurgence of the disease after many months of restrictive policies, the study provided robust evidence of temporal variation in adherence to protective behaviors. Read the Paper: https://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/32634 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Social class and allocation of donations in Brazil
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Bittencourt, Eduardo; Goldszmidt, Rafael Guilherme Burstein; Vieites, Yan
    Through a series of studies in an extremely unequal socioeconomic environment (Rio de Janeiro), this research assesses how scarcity/ abundance contexts shape preferences for resource allocation among different social causes. Read the Paper: https://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/32628 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Mathematical and computational models of optimizing strategies to reduce levels violence in Brazil
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Massad, Eduardo
    To develop methodologies, mathematical models, and data science tools to assist public security bodies in the analysis of crime patterns in Brazil. Read the Paper: https://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/32714 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Analysis distribution road space negative externalities generated by modal in the city of São Paulo
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Biderman, Ciro
    This research presents a specific overview of the various externalities associated with the displacement of the habitants of Sao Paulo. Largely resulting from the intensive use of individual motorized transport, these externalities, although they have been the subject of many studies and debates, have not yet been sufficiently analyzed in terms of quantifying their negative effects on the population. Read the Paper: https://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/32683 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Assessment and proposal of alternatives regulatory structure of the basic sanitation sector Brazil
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Oliveira, Gesner; Dutra, Joísa Campanher; Pinto Junior, Mario Engler
    The level of investments required to promote and achieve universal access to basic sanitation in Brazil, in accordance with the goals set by the new legislation for the sector (Law No. 14.026, 2020), will require complementarity and harmonious coexistence between public and private capital in the country. To achieve the universalization goals it is essential to promote an environment characterized by legal security and adequate regulatory governance. This study aims to provide a better understanding of alternative regulatory structures for the sanitation sector and the potential incentives generated by each. Read the Paper: https://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/32716 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network
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    Rio Doce Project - Assessment Of Impact And Evaluation Of Socioeconomic Damage Caused To Communities Affected By The Fundão Dam Failure
    (This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network, 2022-08) Porto, Antônio José Maristrello; Massad, Eduardo; Scabin, Flávia; Monzoni, Mario; Portela, André
    In 2015, the failure of the Fundão Dam at the Germano Industrial Complex in Mariana (Minas Gerais), under the management of Samarco Mineração S/A, a company controlled by Vale S/A and BHP Billiton, caused significant impact to the environment and populations of 45 municipalities in two Brazilian states: Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo. The Fundação Getulio Vargas was hired to develop cuttingedge research on the methodologies used to assess and measure the socioeconomic damage caused by the disaster, combining intensive interdisciplinary data analysis and systematic interviewing of the affected population. Different quantitative and qualitative tools were used — including technologies for data mining and analysis of large volumes of data (big data) — as well as techniques involving artificial intelligence and machine learning. The initiative made it possible to propose comprehensive repair and rebuilding actions to mitigate the impact of the dam’s rupture in terms of housing, income, health, culture, and tradition, among others. Read the Paper: https://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/29020 This is a video promoted by FGV Research Network