Rede de Pesquisa - Capítulos de livros


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    Brazil's demographic transition and its effects on public spending
    (2020) Barbosa Filho, Fernando de Holanda; Turra, Cássio Maldonado; Franco Neto, Afonso Arinos de Mello
    This chapter presents future public spending projections for Brazil as a result of the demographic transition. The end of the demographic dividend, which will be followed by population ageing, will affect spending on health, education, social programmes and social security, including pensions. Health spending will increase significantly in absolute terms but should maintain its share as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP). Education expenditure will decline. As education spending in Brazil is determined by the level of education, the reduction in spending will not be linear, and will affect all levels of government. The biggest challenge will be the payment of social security benefits, putting at risk the sustainability of the government finances. Therefore, the most urgent task for federal, state and municipal governments is to pursue comprehensive social security reforms that will guarantee basic government functions in the coming years.
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    How food techs can reduce food losses and waste?
    (2019) Vieira, Luciana Marques; Eckert, Daniele
    Background and Aim: Food losses and waste are the new frontier in the search for sustainability in agricultural activities and food systems. It is a complex problem, in which one of the factors involved is lack of coordination among members of the food supply chain. Food Techs, or digital business platforms, emerge as one possible solution. Therefore, this research sought to understand how Food Techs can contribute to food waste solutions by improving supply chain coordination by shortening it. Research Design and Methods: This research uses a qualitative approach and was carried out in two phases, based on primary data collection, through observation visits and interviews, as well as secondary data. The first phase investigated 33 individuals, among producers, associations / cooperatives and government support agencies and sought to understand the coordination difficulties faced in supply chains related to food waste. The second phase was based on primary and secondary data collection from three case studies about food digital platforms in order to describe them aspossible solutions for the problems identified in phase 1. Findings: Food Techs contribute to food waste solutions improving supply chain coordination mostly through informal mechanisms, increasing collaboration between supply chain agents. They act as a bridge between production and consumption, creating a new market for food that would be discarded in many stages of the supply chain either by non-standard compliance or by lack of market, also creating the consumers demand through awareness and subscription purchase mechanisms. Research LimitationsThis research only considers three digital business platforms located in Sao Paulo and its main stakeholders. These initiatives are recent and represents a small share of fresh food supply chain. Theoretical Contribution: As a theoretical contribution this study illustrates the interface between innovative business models and sustainable supply chains. It alsohighlights the importance of digital platforms as an alternative coordination mechanism in the supply chain and the business opportunities that arise from such practices. Practical impact: The practical impact of this research is that it contributes by presenting opportunities to reduce food losses and waste through digital platforms, a new phenomenon, able of positively affecting food supply chains’ sustainability by shortening them. It brings insights to managers and policymakers in increasing this kind of platforms.
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    Descortinando as práticas de pacificação: resultados de um survey com residentes em dez UPPs
    (2014) Ribeiro, Ludmila Mendonça Lopes; Vilarouca, Márcio Grijó
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    Demand for public transportation and the design os optimal public policies
    (2017) Silva, Leticia Klotz; Trindade, André Garcia de Oliveira; Varejão Neto, Edmilson de Siqueira
    Transport and mobility are key factors of quality of life in cities all around the world. In order to choose an optimal transportation system, it is vital to understand well how commuters respond to different designs of the public infrastructure. In this chapter, we attempt to address that question by reviewing the relevant empirical literature in transportation economics. Our focus is to discuss research that models and estimates demand for the use of public transportation. With that in mind, we first detail the typical approach and specifications used. Then we summarize the main results found in that literature. Finally, we discuss our findings in the context of the future of the sector, taking into account the new challenges, innovations and emerging business models.
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    Brazilian Economic Time Series (BETS): R package
    (IBRE, 2016) Ferreira, Pedro Costa; Speranza, Talitha F.; Costa, Jonatha A. da
    O pacote BETS (sigla para Brazilian Economic Time Series) para o R (R Core Team, 2012) fornece, de maneira descomplicada, as mais relevantes séries temporais econômicas do Brasil e diversas ferramentas para analisá-las. O BETS preenche uma lacuna no processo de obtenção de dados no Brasil, na medida em que unifica os pontos de acesso às séries e oferece uma interface bastante simples, flexível e robusta.
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    10 anos de relações do Brasil com uma Europa alargada
    (2015) Lazarou, Elena; Luciano, Bruno Theodoro; Dane, Felix
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    Implicações nacionais da integração regional: as eleições diretas do parlamento do Mercosul
    (2015) Mariano, Karina L. Pasquariello; Luciano, Bruno Theodoro
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    Brazil: challenges for freedom of speech online
    (2015) Rosina, Mônica Steffen Guise; Silva, Alexandre Pacheco da
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    O projeto Media Cloud Brasil: uma análise do tratamento de informações em ambientes de big data
    (2015) Souza, Renato Rocha; Coelho, Flávio Codeço; Gonçalves, Alexandre; Lopes, Evandro Dalbem; Santos, Elisa Mussumeci Bianor dos; Junqueira, Victor da Fonseca Machado
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    Global Ramifications of the Renminbi’s Ascendance
    (FGV Crescimento e Desenvolvimento, 2014) Prasad, Eswar S.
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    Teste de sustentabilidade da dívida, ajuste fiscal no Brasil e consequências para o produto
    (FGV Crescimento e Desenvolvimento, 2015) Bicalho, Aurélio; Issler, João Victor