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    Suppliers’ non-compliance with sustainability standards: a new perspective based on discrete-choice experiments
    (2017-03-01) Paiva, Ely; Zamur, Guilherme; Flynn, Barbara
    What are the factors that contribute to non-compliance with a supply chain partner’s sustainability efforts? Based on institutional theory and social cognitive theory, a discrete-choice experiment was conducted with 128 U.S., 105 Brazilian and 109 Indian managers to test alternative causes of suppliers’ non-compliance. Results of regression modeling provide preliminary evidence to support the idea that managers’ cultural and institutional background influence the way they perceive compliance with the buyer firm’s sustainability practices and that certain positions in the supply chain influence their likelihood to not comply with them.
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    Suplier diversity in Brazilian firms
    (2021-01-01) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza
    This paper aims to empirically investigate how buying companies in Brazil are implementing volunteered supplier diversity program. This study identified enablers and barriers for such initiatives based on interviews with buyers, suppliers, and third-party organizations based on interviews with companies’ representatives, minorities suppliers and NGOs. Among others, our findings provide evidence that while an organizational culture of diversity and customer-focus motivate organizations, the barriers are mostly related to buyers' profile, lack of a clear guideline, lack of qualified minority suppliers and prejudice.
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    A Importância da gestão da cadeia de suprimentos no fluxo de caixa
    (2021) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza
    Apesar do amplo debate sobre como a gestão da cadeia de suprimentos (Supply Chain Management - SCM) influencia o desempenho das organizações, poucos estudos se dedicam a entender como suas práticas estão relacionadas ao fluxo de caixa das empresas. Desta forma, o presente artigo tem o objetivo de discutir como profissionais atuantes em SCM percebem a relação entre suas práticas em termos de gestão de estoques, gestão de fornecedores e gestão de clientes e o fluxo de caixa da firma. Baseada em uma abordagem qualitativa, com coleta de dados por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas, o estudo sugere que as empresas não adotam uma única métrica para avaliar esta relação. Ademais, enquanto os entrevistados reconhecem a relação direta entre gestão de inventário e fluxo de caixa, a mesma não é tão transparente quando se trata de gestão de fornecedores e de clientes. Os resultados sugerem a necessidade de maior conhecimento sobre o tema por parte dos profissionais de SCM para uma efetiva contribuição da área para o desempenho empresarial.
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    Supply chain resilience: the whole is not the sum of the parts
    (2019-02) Sá, Marcelo Martins de; Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza; Brito, Renata Peregrino de; Pereira, Susana Carla Farias
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate how resilience at different nodes in the supply chain influences overall supply chain resilience (SCRES) during an extreme weather event. Design/methodology/approach – Based on 41 in-depth interviews, this qualitative study examines two Brazilian agri-food supply chains (AFSC). The interviews explored the impacts, preparedness, response and adaptation strategies adopted by farmers, processors and manufacturers during Brazil’s extreme drought of 2014–2015. Findings – SCRES does not depend on all organizations in the supply chain but rather on the company able to reconfigure the resources to control for the disruption. In a supply chain with low interdependence among players, individual firm resilience elements might be preferable to interorganizational ones. Research limitations/implications – This study is based on the context of AFSCs with low interdependence among players and during the experience of a climatic event. The results might not be generalizable to other sectors and phenomena. Practical implications – Firms must evaluate their positions in supply chains and their interfirm relationships to determine which resilience strategy to invest in and rely on. Moreover, to leverage resilience at the supply chain level, firms must intensify information sharing and improve proactive resilience strategies upstream as well as downstream in the supply chain. Originality/value – This study presents a broader perspective of resilience by comparing resilience elements at both the node and supply chain levels and by discussing their interactions and trade-offs.
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    Coordination in Brazilian pharmaceutical supply chains
    (Journal of Operations and Supply Chain Management, 2014-12) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza; Reis, Manoel de Andrade e Silva
    Supply chain coordination (SCC) can be a challenge for many organizations as different firms in the same chain has different expectations and interdependencies (Arshinder & Deshmukh, 2008). Lack of SCC can result in the bullwhip effect and poor performance for a firm and its partners. By investigating the phenomenon in the Brazilian pharmaceutical supply chain using a qualitative research, this paper aims to understand the main issues that avoid a better integrated chain. Results of 21 interviews suggested that the lack of coordination in this environment was influenced by the network design and the history of the sector in Brazil, as well as scarce resources
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    Relational value creation and appropriation in buyer supplier relationships
    (International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, 2014-09-22) Miguel, Priscila Laczynski de Souza; Brito, Luiz Artur Ledur; Fernandes, Aline Rodrigues; Tescari, Fábio Viard de Campos da Silva
    1. Purpose – Interfirm relationships create value, but buyers and suppliers can appropriate this value indifferent amounts. Using the relational-view of strategy, the purpose of this paper is to explain valuecreation and determine the portion of that value appropriated by each organization. 2. Design/methodology/approach – The data source was a survey with 166 respondents coveringtwo industries. The authors used confirmatory factor analysis to validate construct measurement andstructural equation modeling to test the hypotheses. A parallel qualitative investigation composed of31 interviews assisted in interpreting the findings. 3. Findings – Based on the relational view of strategy, the authors found support for only two of the fourhypotheses that sought to explain value creation. This result calls into question the applicability of thistheory to contexts other than the automotive industry, in which it was developed. Only a joint constructcombining Relational Governance and Resource Complementarity had a significant effect on relationalvalue creation. With respect to value appropriation, although both buyers and suppliers captured part ofthe relational value created, the buyers tended to receive the great majority of this value. 4. Research limitations/implications – The focussed context of this study (Brazilian companies inthe personal care/cosmetics and food/beverage industries) limits its generalizability but providesdeeper insight into the interpretation of its results. 5. Practical implications – Both buyers and suppliers can benefit from collaborative relationships, butbuyers appear to capture a larger share, forcing suppliers to continuously seek new sources of value. 6. Originality/value – This paper bridges the gap between the buyer-supplier literature and the definitionof competitive advantage as value creation found in the strategic management literature. This studyproposes and tests an integrative definition of the relational value that is created and appropriated in a dyad.