A relação homem-mundo em René Descartes e no Zen-Budismo
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This study attempts at placing side by side two notions related to man and world: Cartesianism and Zen-Buddhism. It emphasizes the fragmentary aspect of the first notion, and the wholeness of the latter. Its main object is to contribute to a broader interrelation and integration of man by means of three movements. The first one is a criticism towards the rationalistic, mechanical, prepotent and unnatural concept based on the dualistic and antithetic logic of the western paradigm of science and thought founded mainly by René Descartes. The second aspect deals with the dissemination and emphatic exposition of Buddhist methaphysics and mysticism and our Western academic sphere, specially the Zen concept, which conceives the world as a whole linked to a universal balance in change and evolution, wherein words, permanent knowledge and perception are mere transitory signs that hide cosmic reality. The final aspect attempts at denying a manichaean concept of reality, where the meaning of opposites is not seen as the extinction of one side by the other, but as the search for a new synthesis: the gestation of a new word referential -and here we just mention this subject -to be developed through ultimate integration of the so-called and Eastern paradigms.