Sobre a multideterminação da resposta projetiva: uma revisão critica
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The present study reviews, critically, the extensive literature already written and discussed, with regard to the Rorschach, Thematic Apperception and Draw-a-Person Test, which belong to the more commonly used psychodiagnostic instruments. The author's main purpose is direct towards an exarnination of two essential features of projective testing: the 'projection' construct and the major testing situation's determinants, e. go, the instrument's stimulus properties, the examiner's influence and the situational context. After a thorough analysis of the definit10ns offered by various authors, the adequacy of the expression 'projective test' is questioned, emphasizing the multiple connotations of this concept. Hence, the ease with which it falls prey to distorted interpretations directed towards the defence mechanisms imbued in the testing situation. The usual hypothesis - commonly assurned and wide spread-that the 'projective test' is ambiguous for the subject and lacks objective meaning is closely, scrutinized as well as the projective testing process, since it implies an interaction (frequently ignored) between examiner and subject, only fully unclerstoocl within the special context where the several devices to which the author refers are employed. Finally, this study tries to present a more solid foundation for the statement that the projective response is the outcome of many factors. Basic to a better and less biased interpretation is the underlying necessity of taking under consideration the projective devices not as psychodiagnostic tools with objective meaning, but as a resultant of. many vectors, among which stimulus, situational context and ~ubject variables receive special emphasis.