Compras públicas: a eficiência das adesões às atas pré-existentes
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Given the current context of economic and fiscal crises in the country, the need for more efficient management is intensified. In this sense, institutes such as the trading floor and the Price Registration System, which, with their characteristics and specificities, offer several advantages to the public acquisitions. The hitch, popular name of the possibility provided for in the Price Registration System, that a body performs adhesion to bids made by other organs, has bureaucratized the acquisition processes and has become widely used by the public administration. The internal and external control bodies realized that the high number of hitchhiking was harming the gains of scale and began to press for a reduction of this number, which culminated in the elaboration of Federal Decree No. 7,892 / 13. It is expected that the hitch will enable the reduction of purchase prices, as it allows the agencies to use the prices available in the trading sessions. However, there are no studies on this efficiency. Thus, this study has the objective of analyzing the efficiency of hitchhiking in bidding processes. To achieve this objective, the context of the acquisitions carried out by the Army Managing Units based in Rio de Janeiro was used. The first analysis was based on data from the Government Procurement Portal and found that the car rides were not carried out at the best prices between 2009 and 2015. The relation between Decree 7,892 / 13 and carpool efficiency was also verified. Its influence on the reduction of the number of rides performed was confirmed. In addition, the field research was used as a method, and a set of data was collected through questionnaires submitted to the purchasing managers of those units. Considering the analysis of the answers, the importance of conducting price research was verified, based on three minutes for the efficiency of the rides.