Índice de dados abertos para o Brasil
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Data is considered open when anyone is free to access, modify, and share it, subject, at the most, to measures which preserve its origin or to publicize it1. The Open Knowledge Foundation developed the global Open Data Index (ODI) to compare countries in terms of their capacity to open data to individuals, the media, and civil society. The information which composes the index is obtained via a crowd-sourced platform, in other words, from the contributions of local agents linked to the OKFN network in each country, and afterwards revised by open data specialists in each country, producing as a final result a ranking of countries. The aim of the index is to assess the state of open data policies in each country, taking into account all their characteristics: what data is released about certain issues, how it is divulged in relation to access, format, granularity, costs, and how fast it is updated. The index assesses various dimensions, such as public finances, socio-economic, legislative, and electoral data, environmental indicators and administrative and eographic information. It thus offers a reference parameter to all countries about the capacity to provide open data, presenting this information in a clear, easy to understand and usable manner, something that is in harmony with FGV/DAPP’s transparency mission. This index already exists for 2013, 2014, and 2015 and is currently being constructed for 2016, using methodology already improved by the experience accumulated throughout this period. FGV/DAPP, through its partnership with Open Knowledge do Brasil (OKBr), was the Brazilian organization responsible for collecting the information that is part of the Brazilian index this year.