The political economy of armed conflicts and chronic hunger in sub-Saharan Africa (1990-2015)

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Campello, Daniela
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During the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) period 1990-2015, sub-Saharan African countries attained an average reduction rate of 30.1% of chronic hunger prevalence. However, although some countries were successful in eradicating hunger by 2015, others have attained worse levels of chronic hunger than they previously had in 1990. Based on cross-sectional and time-series data, this research aims to explore the impacts of armed conflicts on chronic hunger prevalence in sub-Saharan African countries. A nested analysis and multimethod comparative research design are adopted as the empirical strategy for the causal analysis of the impact of armed conflicts on chronic hunger prevalence across 39 sub-Saharan African countries during the MDG period 1990-2015. Panel data models’ estimations are used as large-N analyses (LNA) to test hypotheses on the regular effects of armed conflicts on chronic hunger. Subsequently, small-N analyses (SNA) based on the case studies of the Republic of Djibouti, Republic of Guinea-Bissau, Republic of Angola, Republic of Mali, and Republic of Zambia are used to explore and trace the causal mechanisms through which armed conflicts affect the prevalence of chronic hunger in the contemporary sub-Saharan region. Understanding the impact of armed conflicts on chronic hunger from a comprehensive comparative perspective across sub-Saharan African nations could help governments, stakeholders and specialized agencies to find evidence on how to prevent hunger, eliminate conflicts, combat extreme poverty, and promote sustainable development in the region.