O Brasil, o Império Otomano e a Sociedade Internacional: contrastes e conexões (1850-1919)
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This study aims to analyze how Brazil and the Ottoman Empire sought to insert themselves into the European international society – along the lines as the English School of International Relations defines so – in the period of the 1850’s, with the signing of Eusébio de Queiroz Law on the Brazilian side, and the Treaty of Paris by the Ottoman Empire, until the establishment of the League of Nations, in 1919. Those are seen as 'peripheral empires' to the European center, integrating the unique group of entities that were neither colonies nor power in the suggested period. Thus, we intend to contrast the efforts made by Brazil and the Ottoman Empire in using international law and diplomacy – formal and non-formal – and forms of advertising of the transformations that have undertaken in their capitals in order to be recognized as 'civilized'. On the other hand, it calls attention to the conections that were established between Brazil and the Ottoman Empire precisely because of this closer relashionship with Europe. These connections are then analyzed in two stages. The first one deals with the attempts of formal diplomatic relations, called 'incognito relations', which involved including trips by D. Pedro II to Ottoman domains. The second one deals with the coming of Ottoman subjects – Greeks, Armenians, Jews and Arabs – to Brazil and the new diplomatic relations established.