The influence of the private sector on improving the french healthcare system
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This master thesis analyzes the impact of the private sector on improving healthcare quality. The subject of this thesis is particularly significant in view of the coronavirus pandemic that has shaken the whole world during the years 2020 and 2021. The French healthcare system has been known for decades for its quality and its accessibility for all. After World War II, French society recognized every individual’s right to have access to affordable healthcare with the publication of the ordinance of October 4th, 1945, which established Social Security (Pallier, 2005). Nowadays, health policy, technological innovation, and public health management are some of the most critical factors to determine the quality of a state’s healthcare system (OECD, 2020). But the quality of a country’s healthcare system is also the sum of multiple dimensions: economic, regulation, technology, ethic, and even cultural. The harmony of those dimensions is significant and explains mostly why life expectancy differs from one country to another, and even from one neighborhood to another (OCDE, 2007). For the past decades, most improvements in the healthcare sector came from private actors, sometimes supported by public programs, who developed new technologies and new ways to access health resources. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to analyze how the private sector helps the government to improve the French healthcare system. To do so, there is a need to identify the different healthcare fields that have evolved over the last decades, and which actors are involved in the transformation of the healthcare system and industry.