Politicas publicas e telecomunicações no Brasil (1985-1992) : analise dos impactos sociais

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Motta, Paulo Roberto
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After 1985, the privatization and deregulation objective has replaced the doctrine of development and security which oriented the formulation of telecommunications policy in Brazil since 1962. U sing references from the School of Public Policy Analysis, the Public Choice, and of Regulation Theory, the study analyzes the indirect effects of this change on the social areas of education, health and social welfare policy. The monitoring of the telecommunication policy identified programs aimed at popularizing the use of telephones but which did not completely succeed. New technologies were introduced, such as the BRASILSA T satellite, cellular telephones, and cable television, but the principal beneficiaries of the dissernination of these technologies continued to be privileged social groups. The recent reformulation of educational television prograrnrning and the initiative to establish INTERNET access in schools suggest a positive prognostic for Education, but the general population had been kept out from the public policy agenda, and the information technology had not yet arrived in schools as of 1992. The effects on social welfare policy occurred in the form of the implementation of a modem communications network, reducing service delivery time to those insured by INSS and improving the financial control of tax collection and the payment of benefits. In health, the effects have not yet been felt in service provision to citizens, but the dissernination of information collected and processed by DATASUS systems have had a positive impact on planning and the control of spending on doctors visits and hospitaIs adrnitances

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