Uso da sociedade em conta de participação para organizar interesses privados em contratações públicas
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The aim of this paper is to identify and analyze the possibility of using the Silent Partnership in order to organize private interests in the scope of public contracting. However, it is possible to observe in the research that such use is indeed applied in practice, as well as the rules which such use is subject to. Based upon the identification of the rules, the need for the Public Administration authorization for the constitution of the Silent Partnership in the context of public contracts is discussed, the subjective and objective limits of its application, and other relevant aspects - notably tax, labor rights, which, together with the benefits linked to the silent partnership, should be considered by legal practitioners and companies in the prior assessment of the suitability of the use of silent partnership, and in the preparation of the incorporation contract of that partnership. The relevance of the present study can be specially justified by the fact that silent partnerships are sui generis partnerships, whereas being a clearly established institute in the Civil Code. This peculiarity comes from the fact that the silent partnership does not have all the characteristics that are common in other companies, such as legal personality and compulsory requirement of its constitutive acts in public records. In the regulations governing public bidding and contracting, the silent partnership may be classified, in contracts governed predominantly by Law No. 8.666, of 1993, as the figure of the ‘association’ of the contracted party with third parties (provided for in article 78, VI , Law No. 8,666 of 1993) and, in the area of concessions and permissions of public services, and public-private partnerships, in contracting with third parties (in accordance with Article 25, §1, of Law No. 8,987 of 1995). As a consequence, silent partnerships may be applied in the context of public contracts, subject to the applicable norms to association and contracting with third parties, respecting each context, in particular those regarding the subjective and objective limits of participation in public contracts, from third parties who are not related, to the relationship between the Public Administration and the contracted party (ostensive partner in the silent partnership).