Water resources management: crisis vs. success: success factors for water management through the examples of São Paulo and Paris

Costa, Ligia Maura
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Water is a specific good, economically, socially or environmentally speaking. Different and opposed theoretical points of view have already been developed to describe good water management models, from the Integrated Resources Management of the World Bank, to a humanitarian vision of the management of water. The first part of this dissertation tries to synthesize the different existing models, discussing the hypothesis that the traditional public/ private distinction is not enough relevant to explain the efficiency of a specific water management model. Then, we chose to compare two cities: São Paulo and Paris. São Paulo faced a severe water crisis whereas Paris’ water management has been very successful with a new remunicipalization of its water and sanitation services. The second part of this dissertation provides a good example of factors that are crucial for the success of any water management model, underlining the role of governance and new management practices. This dissertation aims at giving new insights for governments in understanding efficient water management models, especially in the case of the water crisis in Sao Paulo. Also, other actors dealing with water issues, such as multinational companies, could have new tools to improve efficiency in this field.

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