Práticas de ensino nos programas de mestrado acadêmico e doutorado em administração: considerações à luz do construtivismo

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Vergara, Sylvia Constant
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In this study we analysed the teaching practices of professors of three master and doctorate programs in administration from Rio de Janeiro and one from Rio Grande do Sul. By a constructivist approach, we seek to understand how this epistemology fits into the managers and professors education. The theoretical starting points were the multiple teaching approaches, the situated learning and the communities of practice. The research results were analysed using content analysis. Through this technique we constructed seven categories of analysis, namely: learning, evaluation, community of practice, socio-historical-cultural-context, education, teaching practices and professor-student relationship. We concluded in this research that teaching practices lighted up by the constructivism are inserted into the managers and professors education through micro-processes of learning that consider the socio-historical-cultural context where the student is situated, which emphasize the social learning and encourage the construction of communities of practice. Thus, teaching practices that appreciate the students context as exercises that seek to solve real problems and realistic simulation, or practices that aim to join theory and practice as the technical visit, the research group and the cases and practices that prefer the debate as the discussion of papers and the seminars are practices that can be called constructivist practices and are considered by educators that advocate the constructivism as the most effective practices for the managers and professors education

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