O milhão restante, o Brasil e a evolução da proteção internacional a refugiados (1946-1952)
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When World War II ended, it is calculated that there were more than 40 million European displaced from their place of origin. Initially, the United Nations Agency for Relief and Rehabilitation (UNRRA) had the task of repatriating these people. However, due to the growing resistance to return home, the UN created the International Refugee Organization (IRO). From 1947 to 1951, when it was replaced by the UNHCR, the organization was responsible for resettling more than 1 million people in different countries. Brazil was one of those countries. Given this context, this research seeks to understand, in first place, the process of construction of this international machinery for the protection of refugees that emerged in post-war within UN, and in second place, analyze the role of Brazil in this context. What was its role in the creation of this regime? What were its main interests that guided the reception of refugees? These are some of the questions that this research sought to clarify.