"Deem asas para a vitória" a fraternidade do fole e o Brasil na Segunda Guerra Mundial (1940-1945)

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2019-03-15
Orientador(res)
Rocha, Alexandre Luís Moreli
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The World War II mobilized british citizens and their descendants in various parts of the globe. The possibility of nazism's victory over Europe after the 1940’s advance in France, left the British on alert. The Battle of Britain and the struggle of the Royal Air Force to resist the Germany onslaught, were important to give new meaning to the British community around the world. An international campaign was launched to collaborate with the British Air Force in the acquisition of airplanes to fight against the Luftwaffe through the Fellowship of the Bellows, an organization created in Argentina that extended to almost all countries in Latin America. The contributions were collected according to the number of German planes shot down by the RAF and monthly reported to all countries where there was a Fellowship. . In Brazil, this organization acquired a unique characteristic because after the country entered the conflict, the donations collected started to be distributed equally between the Royal Air Force and the Brazilian Air Force. The aim of this paper is to analyze “The Fellowship of the Bellows” as a civil society mobilization in order to cooperate internationally for the victory of British aviation over German aviation during the World War II, contributing to the British war efforts. Through this, it is possible to analyze the collaboration of Brazil in World War II from four angles that will be discussed in this work. The first is the historical relationship between Brazil and the United Kingdom, demonstrating that UK had other international connections during the war besides the allying with the United States. Another point to be debated is the analysis of a transnational history of the struggle for democracy and the defense of these principles. Also, understand the British patriotism and solidarity extends even among expats. Finally, analyze how The Fellowship of the Bellows mobilized the Brazilian society and extended its work to the FAB. In order to carry out the research and treatment of the sources, we will seek theoretical and methodological contribution in the history of international relations, in the transnational history, in the studies on social mobilization and on the imagined community.


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