Defining leadership in China: a literature review: how is leadership defined in China by scholars based on a review of published researches since 2000?

Gelis Filho, Antonio
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From 2000, China’s internationalization process intensified and highlighted cultural differences against Western perspectives. One of those is the divergence in management and leadership practices. Based on a literature review of mote than 234 articles published in journals with an impact factor higher than 1.0, this dissertation identifies how scholars define leadership in China from 2000 until today. The findings can be divided into three groups: Western Theories’ perspective, Eastern Theories’ perspective and Blended Theories’ Perspective wherein cross-cultural studies and transformational leadership dominated the perspectives adopted by researches and were included in the Western Theories’ perspective. In the Eastern Theories’ perspective, Confucianism and Guanxi were the most cited. While in the Blended perspective, Confucianism and Guanxi were blended with several Western Theories. Therefore, even though there is this local culture, the most adopted perspective by international journals and scholars to look and analyze leadership in China is the cross-cultural studies’ and the transformational leadership approach.

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