Turismo social e terceira idade:desafios emergentes
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This work aims at emphasizing and discussing two present and relevant topics: social tourism and the third age. Social tourism consists of a mutual effort between the Society and the State in promoting the universalization as well as humanization of the tourism practice. This activity seeks to incorporate groups that are sociaIly and/or economically unlàvoured such as workers, disabled, young and elderly people. The current fast increase number of old people in the world justifies the great need to include their demands, such as the right to leisure, in the list of social politics elaborated both in the State scope and in the compound of actions that may be assumed by the organized civil society. The problem of the third age is analized from a historical research which describes the evolution of the treatment bestowed to old people by several societies for a long time in the past. This investigation reaches its peak with the explanation of the present situation of elderly people in the world, particularly in Brazil. Social tourism is tackled through the formulation of concepts, through its confrontation with the values that has direct the so-called traditional tourism, and through the presentation of experiences already practised. It is stressed the important role of the Bureau Intemational du Tourisme Social - BITS in the divulging and development of this activity alI over the world. In the last part of this work, it is made the correlation betwecn the two topics. Then, it is demonstrated the important contribution that leisure and social tourism have to offer the elderly population as an integrated exercise 01' participation, with positive results in the physical and mental development in this specific group which is at the same time in great need of attention and eager to be able to participate in the social context.