Lighting and homicides: evaluating the effect of an electrification policy in rural Brazil on violent crime reduction

dc.contributor.affiliationFGV
dc.contributor.authorArvate, Paulo Roberto
dc.contributor.authorFalsete, Filipe Ortiz
dc.contributor.authorRibeiro, Felipe Garcia
dc.contributor.authorSouza, André Portela Fernandes de
dc.contributor.unidadefgvEscolas::EAESPpor
dc.contributor.unidadefgvEscolas::EESPpor
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-25T18:24:29Z
dc.date.available2018-10-25T18:24:29Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: This study estimates the effects of lighting on homicides in rural areas of developing countries. Methods: We use an IV strategy by exploring the LUZ PARA TODOS or Light for All (LPT) program that was adopted by the federal government to expand electrification to rural areas in Brazilian municipalities in the 2000s as an exogenous source of variations in access to electricity. Results: Our results indicate a significant decrease in homicide rates in municipalities the Northeast region, which is the poorest region of the country and most affected by the policy expansion. We estimate that helping a municipality increase from zero electricity coverage to full coverage reduces homicide rates by 92 per 100,000 inhabitants. This is equivalent to moving a municipality that is at the 99th percentile to the median (zero) of the crime distribution across municipalities. In addition, we perform placebo exercises using sub-samples of predominantly urban municipalities. The results increase our confidence in the IV strategy since our primary results were from areas with a larger percentage of rural population, as should be expected by the policy. Conclusions: This study contributes to the extant literature by investigating the effects of lighting on homicides in a different context, rural areas of a developing country (Brazil). © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media, LLCeng
dc.identifierhttps://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85030704213&doi=10.1007%2fs10940-017-9365-6&partnerID=40&md5=72f8da230ac9fa7d97f75506fd27b4c4
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10940-017-9365-6
dc.identifier.issn0748-4518
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85030704213
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10438/25627
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer New York LLC
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Quantitative Criminology
dc.rights.accessRightsrestrictedAccesseng
dc.sourceScopus
dc.subjectBrazileng
dc.subjectHomicideeng
dc.subjectHospital homicide dataeng
dc.subjectLightingeng
dc.subjectRural areaseng
dc.subjectIluminação e homicídio na área ruralpor
dc.subjectÁrea rural - Brasilpor
dc.subject.areaAdministração públicapor
dc.subject.areaCiências sociaispor
dc.subject.bibliodataHomicídio - Zona ruralpor
dc.subject.bibliodataBrasil - Zona ruralpor
dc.subject.bibliodataIluminação - Zona ruralpor
dc.titleLighting and homicides: evaluating the effect of an electrification policy in rural Brazil on violent crime reductioneng
dc.typeArticle (Journal/Review)eng
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