Variáveis discriminantes para inferência da insolvência de empresas brasileiras: um estudo para o período de 2008 a 2016
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This study aimed to determine if accounting and governance indicators are relevant to foresee the stages of financial stress of companies by using a logistic regression. With the formation of two samples was possible to verify if the inclusion of insolvency data defined by cash flow shortage events were relevant to increase model capacity for prediction of insolvency. The remaining insolvency stages were judicial reorganization and bankruptcy. The control sample is formed by healthy companies, from the same sector and size. The period of analysis includes events that occurred between January 2008 and March 2016. The main variables that showed significant results to predict insolvency states, a year before the event happens, were Profitability, Efficiency and Payment Capacity indicators. The Governance indicator was only significant to predict insolvency arising from judicial reorganization and bankruptcy. Among the models studied, the most accurate model presented total correctness capacity of 88,7%, classifying correctly 88% of solvent companies and 89,3% of insolvent companies. The results indicate the usefulness of financial indicators of Payment Capacity, Efficiency and Profitability, as well as the Governance variable, to discriminate the insolvency of companies.