Expatriados, imigrantes e refugiados no Brasil: trajetórias e estratégias de integração econômica e social

Resumo

In the early 2010s, Brazil started to receive two new inflows of immigrants – citizens from Mercosur countries and refugees, especially from Haiti –, creating a kind of hierarchy that distinguishes desirable and undesirable immigrants, granting different access to legal, social and cultural resources to their integration into society. This new kind of immigration, different from the flow from Europe, is the target of prejudice from society, making it more difficult for them to integrate socially and economically. Based on qualitative researches conducted with immigrants, this work aims to discuss comparatively the obstacles and strategies of economic and social integration which are used by three categories of migrants – expatriates, immigrants and refugees – to enter the Brazilian society and deal with mechanisms of migration control and restrictions in Brazil. Based on these results, it is possible to generate inputs to enhance Brazilian migration policy.


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