Os mecanismos de transmissão cultural na escola primária: um estudo de caso
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The present report has as its objectives: i) Examine by which mechanism secondary culture is imposed on elementary school; ii) check the effects of this imposure upon the representations of school goers; iii) check to what extent the school has been fulfilling its function of reproducing culturally dominant classes of society. In this study we have considered the educational process as the imposure upon students of the standards of the dominant class in society through the Symbolic Violenc which marks pedagogic action, and the school as the formal and institutional milieu where relationships of domination and imposure of cultural standards of these groups or classes are established in a legitimate way through theachers, who are also legimate agents of this process. All this study has been distinguished by and anthropological approach, guined by participating observation of the group and area chosen as object of study. It has been verified that school imposes on students through its practices aspirations typical of the dominant class in society. These aspiration were expressed in students representation. It has also been observed that school, by its agents, blames students failure solely on their cultural environment (first socialization) which doesn’t reinforce the concepts learned at school. Moreover it has been pointed out that after years in the career teachers also tend to assimilate the culture of the environrnent in which they work, creating in the teaching process the possibility to the occurrence of what we call a transgression of the Symbolic Violence code. As this report is a case study, it would be convenient that the same theme be researched under other aspects , mainly if it is intendend to test the degree of generality of the characteristics evidenced in this particular study.