Conselhos municipais como canal de participaçãp pública: desafios para populações rurais na Amazônia: um estudo de caso sobre Juruti-PA.

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2012-11-29
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Teixeira, Marco Antônio Carvalho
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Part of the process of decentralization that began in Brazil in the late 1980s, the movement for greater permeability of the state resulted in the definition of Policy Management Councils as centerpieces for social policies across the country. However, the heterogeneity of Brazilian continental proportions asks the suitability and fit of public policies and institutions to respond to diverse local realities. This study was conducted from an exploratory case study that seeks to answer on the scope of the Councils as an arena for discussion, submitting demands and troubleshooting of the population living in the considered 'rural' spaces from Juruti, Amazonian city filled with specifics and challenges common to the region. Thus, although we observe the existence of groups, associations and similar spaces in communities to discuss the needs and address demands through the actions of engaged local leaders, what we see is that many unknown paths already institutionalized (as the Municipal Councils) to forward their demands. With a movement alien to legally constituted spaces, communities lose the opportunity to participate more actively in the agenda setting, and left out the mechanisms of social control and access to public resources. The realization of their demands becomes a bargaining chip instead of rights claimed that were satisfied, becomes achievements that lose symbolic role in organizational strengthening communities. In a rural Amazonian reality as Juruti, it seems important to discuss the so-called 'ground work', which implies extremely relevant variables to consider cost and travel time, plus the necessary regionalization of interests and demands. It is noticed also essential to re-discuss the parameters for the definition of 'rural' in the country, to include the various Brazils and enable diagnostics that facilitate special features such as Amazon to be reflected in public policies, in municipal management models and in suitable participatory spaces, which complete the communication with the local reality.


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