Efeitos cognitivos da escolaridade do SENAI e da escola acadêmica convencional: uma pedagogia para cada classe social?
Título da Revista
ISSN da Revista
Título de Volume
In the present atudy, facultu and contribution Df different methodo'Logies and styles of pedal'logic aotion in youths social ZOIJ alass are discu8sed. 1t refere ·e-o a case study, having as a sampLe, minoI' age apprentice pupila 0, the Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Industrial - SENAI (Na 'tional Serviae of Industrial Apprenticeship), of Rio de Janeiro Citlh as compared lJith primary and secondary academia school pupila. Qualitative data demonstrate that the anatysed p~ dagogic action of the academic 8choo'Ls is .structured üJithin a generic conception, diffused and uneoncern.ed, hel.d to pedagogic idiotism, myths and anti-myths. The same v 'LUBS and language,as weZl as the same social high alass achool Byllabus~ howeverJare maintainedJ without haoing the minimum human and material under structure. SENAI's pedagogic action is restricted to objecti Ves too much specific and pragmatic~ trying to teach what it is thought to be good. It uses a teaching methodology for the sociaL and linguistic universe of the social low class pupiLs. The quantitatioe resuLtsJ partLy unconcLusive J de monstrate that the methodoLogic differenc8S among groups~ although intense~ do not influence in tne cognitiv components, thus causing mensurable cnanges during a year. r oreover, results reveaL, there nas not exiated significant cognitive pl'Ofits bef»3en the 7th and 8th primary grades, and the 8th primary and 1st se- • condary grades. In a general way, in the p'resent studYJ it is manifested a poor influence of the schooL in the social. Low class pupiLa cognitive changes. One of the significant resuLta of the presem study ia reLated to a strong cognitive and unc09'nitive interaction components. The qualitative data give evidence that the organizationaL atmosphere~ rich in 8timuLi~ in a presence of tangibLe and concrete substantive contents~ as weLL as a teaching methodoLogy~ thus alLowing a progre8sive advance~ and make p088ible for the 80cially low claS8 pupils~ the internaLization of auto- -reLiance. School 8ucce88 ar faiLures both seem to mark the pupiLs~ indeLibly. In the present conte:ct~ th.ere appears a non cognitive effect as a resuLt of a much more perceptibLe cogniti tM apprentieeship. The message - methodoLo 'li, eontent8~ambient~ etc. - wiLl be the means.