Um olhar multicultural sobre as políticas públicas para indígenas no governo federal
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This dissertation starts from the idea that universal public policies cannot be conceived uniformly, without taking into consideration the cultural differences, since the results of those policies may compromise the desired outcomes. In order to better explore this idea, the issue of indigenous peoples in Brazil was selected. ‘Multiculturalism’ is the theoretical approach adopted, but the research considers its possible shortcomings and adaptations when applied to the Brazilian context. By two existent analyses, the Brazilian policies for indigenous people are compared to those of other Latin American countries in order to form a general view of the Brazilian context. Next, the history of the indigenous people in Brazil since 1970’s is reviewed and complemented by an analysis of the demographic indicators, compared to those of the rest of the Brazilian population. At this point, the normative difficulties for crafting multicultural policies are highlighted. A detailed analysis of Pluriannual Plan (2008-2011) of Brazilian federal government fleshes out possible contradictions of different programs. The role of the Ministry of Education regarding its approach to cultural diversity is then analysed, including its differences with the “multicultural” approach. In the end, we approach the limits and opportunities of the theory to the Brazilian indigenous people, which lead us to conclude that there is an incipient movement promulticulturalist in Brazil.