Air quality around schools and school-level academic performance in Brazil

dc.contributor.authorRéquia Júnior, Weeberb João
dc.contributor.authorSaenger, Claúdia Costa
dc.contributor.authorCicerelli, Rejane Ennes
dc.contributor.authorAbreu, Lucijane Monteiro de
dc.contributor.authorCruvinel, Vanessa R.N.
dc.contributor.unidadefgvEscolas::EPPGpor
dc.contributor.unidadefgvDemais unidades::RPCApor
dc.date.accessioned2022-11-29T15:07:11Z
dc.date.available2022-11-29T15:07:11Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.description.abstractHigh levels of air pollution surrounding schools may be posing a risk to children’s health, including cardiorespiratory diseases and cognitive deficits. The literature on the effects of air pollution outside schools on cognitive outcomes (e.g., cognitive development, working memory, and academic performance) is still limited. Most of the studies are from high-income countries. In this paper, we performed a nationwide assessment to estimate the association between air pollution (PM2.5 and NO2) and school-level academic performance in Brazil. We assessed academic performance data (high school national e am) from 25,390 high schools in Brazil. Air pollution data was derived from satellite remote sensing observations. Then we used mixed-effects regression models adjusted for several variables (e.g., school characteristics, spatio temporal factors, and socioeconomic status) to estimate the association between air pollution (PM2.5 and NO2) and school-level academic performance. We found that an increase of 10 μg/m3 in the long-term average PM2.5 around the Brazilian schools is associated with 2.98 points lower (95%CI: 0.37; 5.58) in the school-level academic performance (considering that the performance score varies from 0 to 1000). For NO2, an increase of 10 ppb corresponds to 55.73 points lower (95%CI: 34.98; 76.48) in the school-level academic performance. This represents 0.05 and 1.02% lower points in academic performance, respectively for the exposure to PM2.5 and NO2.Eng
dc.identifier.issn1352-2310
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10438/32927
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAtmospheric Environmenteng
dc.rights.accessRightsopenAccesseng
dc.subjectAir pollutioneng
dc.subjectChildreneng
dc.subjectStudentseng
dc.subjectAcademic performanceeng
dc.subjectEnvironmental exposureeng
dc.subject.areaAdministração públicapor
dc.subject.bibliodataRendimento escolarpor
dc.subject.bibliodataAr - Poluiçãopor
dc.subject.bibliodataAr - Qualidadepor
dc.titleAir quality around schools and school-level academic performance in Brazileng
dc.typeArticle (Journal/Review)eng
fgv.relation.ispartofRelação entre qualidade ambiental e desempenho escolar dos alunos de ensino médio no Brasilpor
fgv.relation.ispartofProjetos de Pesquisa Aplicadapor
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