A influência do estoque mundial de açúcar sobre o preço internacional dessa commodity
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Global Sugar market has changed considerably since 1970; the dramatic fluctuations in sugar prices have affected the sugar market worldwide. Therefore, new countries such as Brazil, India, China and Thailand start to invest intensively into this market. In the new scenario, Brazil became the main producer of sugar, as well as the main exporter one. The models considered in this study showed the influence of the main sugar producers and the worldwide stocks against the commodity price behaviour. Firstly, the study showed that ending-stocks have a higher impact in the sugar prices comparing to beginning-stocks, in this case, the main countries that contribute for stocks build-up were Brazil and India. Secondly, this study evaluated the impact of the largest sugar producers against the price, the models concluded that Brazil was the most significant country followed by China. Although the study showed Brazil as the main country which impacts stocks and sugar price; it is important to highlight that other countries are also important in the context to identify the main drivers for the supply and demand dynamics in order to evaluate price levels in response of the production and stocks.