Um ensaio em gestão de capital de giro em micros e pequenas empresas
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This study investigates the differences in how managers control working capital in micro and small enterprises. The contributions derives of this study extend the literature on short-term financial MSEs in the sense of understanding how the items related to the construct of working capital behave in an emerging economy with changeable and severe market frictions and a different level of financial development. The different management styles may occur due to the impact of development, depth of financial market and access to and supply of trade credit. The determinant factors of these styles of management of working capital in micro and small enterprises (MSEs) are identified and explained in light of the foundations of theories of growth of firms in stages, of the resource-based view, trade credit, agency and transaction costs. This is a joint research with cross-section investigation in three steps. It consists of a survey and interviews. The data collected through a survey of 447 managers of MSEs in the states of Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo were analyzed by multivariate techniques where four 'styles' of management of working capital were identified, which can be explained by variables such as age, size and profitability of the firm and by content analysis of the interviews. The database was treated with multivariate techniques and structural equation modeling. The results suggest that Brazilian executives are more likely to adopt financial control that the British leaders and credit management positively affects the management of inventory when mediated by internal funds. The results were compared to those obtained from a similar survey conducted in British companies (Westhead and Howorth, 2003), and the evidence shows important differences: 1) Brazilian companies review most of the working capital routines more often than British; 2) Brazilian MSEs offer and demand less trade credit than British MSEs. These differences may be explained, at least in part, by higher cost of bank financing for Brazilian firms in comparison to British firms.