Da emigração à diáspora galega: positivação de uma identidade

D'Araujo, Maria Celina
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This work analyzes the transformations related to the image of the Galician emigrant and its descents that occurred in the last decades. Due to political aspects inherent to the Spanish re-democratization, but also because of new conceptual analyses on minorities, identities and nationalities, the stereotypical image of the Galician as a poor and ignorant emigrant was revised – specially by the Spanish government. A positive acknowledgement of the Galician way of being took place. Therefore, the once devalued group in the beginning of the XXth century became part in a 'diaspora', which would represent Galicia in the global world of the XXIth century. This transformation respond to national movements in Spain, such as the autonomies policy implementation that recognized the region as a historical nationality, as well as to an international context that is marked by the valorization of identities and by the extension and flexibility of the concept of diaspora. This change also arises due to the vast network of associations composed by Galicians in their new home countries. The aim of the work is to apprehend the transformation that positively perceives a group once considered as second rate. Hence, the thesis comprises an extensive bibliography on the Galician emigration, and refers to a variety of authors, which try to explain the reasons and results of this emigration. Our focus, nevertheless, is to understand the recent reversal of expectations regarding the 'to be Galician', attempting to explain in which this change was affected by three major actors: the Spanish (and Galician) government, the emigrants and their associations’ network around the world, and the recent cultural and conceptual transformations regarding the identities, nacionalisms, diaspora and general rights, amongst others.

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