Viagem ao centro da denúncia: explorando as 'camadas' que influenciam as denúncias de fraudes nas organizações

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Cunha, Armando
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The accounting frauds represent a great loss for the global economy in both the public and private sectors, thus highlighting the social damage caused by them. In this regard, several studies have shown that the act of whistleblowing are a major mechanism for detecting fraud in organizations. Inspired by Taylor and Curtis (2010), this study aims to identify the influence of personal, organizational and professional 'layers of workplace' in individual intention to report a fraudulent situation which he has known. It should be noted, however, the inclusion of a 'social layer' as well as consideration of the peculiar aspects of Brazilian culture in the development of hypotheses. For operationalization of the layers were used latent variables collected through a questionnaire answered by 124 accountants. To measure the influence in intention to report was used a Structural Equation Model (SEM) estimated by the method of Partial Least Squares (PLS). The results confirmed the importance of layers influence on the potential whistleblower behavior. It is noteworthy, especially the importance of social layer, which, influences the intention to report in two ways, directly and in a mediation effect to professional layer. The organizational layer does not affect significantly the intent to report. It is interest to highlight the great relevance of personal layer. These facts corroborate some of the main features of Brazilian culture, as the prevalence of informal and personal relationships rather than formal and the influence of moral ambiguity.

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