A nova direita e relações sociais nos ambientes de trabalho: as percepções dos grupos não hegemônicos

Irigaray, Hélio Arthur
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Purpose: Starting from the assumption that social relations are determined by historical factors, economic system, political regime, and social structure, we designed this research with the aim of unveiling to what extent the election of a conservative government in 2018 in Brazil has influenced social relations in the workplace, especially with regard to non-hegemonic groups. Methodology: We conducted empirical research delimited to LGBTQIAPN+ women and individuals working in the metropolitan regions of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. When duly authorized, we recorded and transcribed the interviews, which were submitted to Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). Findings: From the three axes of analysis (text, discourse and practice), the social practice revealed that the notions of power, ideology and hegemony were present in the narratives of the interviewees, who are (aware) that the current prevailing ideology in the country produces, naturalizes and legitimizes hate speeches, which have deteriorated the work environment. The discursive practice, in turn, suggests the intensification of sexist and LGBTQIAPN+ phobic discourses in organizations, and that they are always based on issues related to productivity, meritocracy, impartiality, and asepsis of the companies. Finally, the textual practice was evidenced in the speaking shifts; namely, in how much women are interrupted in meetings. Research limitations: There is a spatio-temporal limitation, as we only looked at the period of the most recent conservative Brazilian government, from 2016 to 2021, as well as the two largest metropolitan regions in the country. Moreover, due to the social isolation measures, due to the Covid-19 pandemic still imposed during the period of the interviews, they were conducted through the Zoom platform. Practical Implications: The understanding of how the official speeches of ultraconservative governments, proposed in the study, causes an alert for managers to elaborate mechanisms to mitigate violence suffered by workers. In addition to supporting the creation and ensuring the functioning of affinity groups, as well as monitoring any illnesses and absences related to minority stress. Contributions to Society: Understanding the social role of the company, understanding that workers and employers are part of society and that they need to work together for a more equal environment, this work contributes with the intention for society to have a better perception of the problem through the holistic view of those who suffer (non-hegemonic groups). As well as the government and the supporting organizations in rethinking their structures in the face of a heterogeneous group with multiple particularities. Originality: Political discussions about how to run a country are healthy in a democratic environment. What we are noticing is that one side of the scales has been violating rules of the democratic regime, as when there is intensification of political sides, non-hegemonic groups are the first to have their rights reduced. This study tries to show the hidden influence of this extreme right-wing in the daily business life.